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Eradication of Social Stratification

   

Added on  2019-09-26

10 Pages1906 Words320 Views
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Social Stratification
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We all are human being belongs to a particular species. We all are living in a common planet. We all have red blood, one heart, two lungs, two kidneys, 206 bones etc. still we consider we are not homogenous rather heterogeneous. When human being came into existence, there was only one difference i.e. gender either male or female but with the passage of time, and continues civilization of human being gave birth to many other criteria of differentiating one from other.Age, gender, social class, status, power, religion, caste, creed, race, region, linguistic group and so on classification that arose one after another.Human society is divided and sub divided in many parts that equality has been lost somewhere. Social Stratification is that system which makes strata or category to rank people in a hierarchical order.[Cole, N. L. (2017)]Social stratification is a particular form of social inequality. Here society is divided in terms of superiority, inferiority and equality. It is the process of interaction or differentiation whereby some people come to rank higher than others.[LauraDameli, M. (2012)]Individuals and groups are ranked according a common basis of valuation in a hierarchy of statuslevels based upon on inequality of social position.Here are some of principles of social stratification-Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences.Social stratification persists over generation.Social stratification is universal. ( It happens everywhere and its different too)Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well (inequality)
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Functions of Social StratificationMany structural functionalist argue that this stratification actually helps in smooth running of society. It has beneficial consequences for the operation of society.According to David-Moore thesis, the most difficult job in any society is to set rewards and compensations in order to motivate individuals who belong to a particular strata. They further added that any society can be equal but in one condition that people are free to select their job.For e.g.- mowing grass, cleaning toilet- on the other hand performing brain surgery if we compare , both are jobs but one is taken as lower category job and one as upper or high class job. The respect in society follows this job variation.[Dua, P. (2016)]Social Stratification theoriesMany theories are provided to view stratification from different angles. It is nothing but the way we perceive society people. It is a set of inter-related propositions and principles designed to answer a question or explain a particular phenomenon. These theories or point of views help to predict and explain the social world we live.[Mooney, K. a. (2007)]Now we are going to focus on 4 such prospective that talks about social world and human behavior.They are-1-Conflict perspective2-Symbolic interactionist3-Functionalist perspective
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