(PDF) Social Welfare for Disabled Communities

Added on - 21 Apr 2021

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Running head: SOCIAL CARE FOR DISABLEDSOCIAL CARE FOR DISABLEDName of the student:Name of University:Author Note:
SOCIAL CARE FOR DISABLED1This essay discusses the aspect of social care for the deprived people especially thedisabled person who are incapable of attending all the necessary functions which othercommon people are capable of. Social care aims to serve the clients from any harm andproviding them the best advantages. Different countries have different norms to support thecitizens so that they can reach the social care support systems provided by the gowning andother non-governmental agencies. On the other hand, the social care practitioners serve as themedium who assess different principles, theories and social care strategies in order to applyproper support principles on their support procedures[ CITATION Mol15 \l 16393 ].Thesesocial care practitioners aim to build a person centered approach in working with the clients.There is diverse issue that emerge in this care process which include legislation issues, ethicalissues and function as well as impact of the existing policies while caring for the clients.This essay particularly discusses the issues of disability among the people who are themost disadvantaged group in the society. These section of care has the most vitality among allsections of social as well as health care because it applies on both physical health as well asmental health. This is the reason why most of the disabled groups experiences low rate ofeconomic as well as social participation[ CITATION Cro14 \l 16393 ].Moreover, thesegroups experience high rate of poverty, violation, bad health and most importantly exclusionfrom the society. People with disability record a wider conceptual category whichencompasses all stages of life of the people as well as impact on the different life domains.The social constrictions and categorization based on age, gender, class, race, sexuality,ethnicity, origin and language compound the disadvantages of the people with disabilities.This essay analyses the social care theories and their efficiency in caring these people withdifferent types of disabilities. It also discusses the practical impact of these theories. Thisessay concludes with an example of framework for the social care practitioners who facedifferent types of difficulties and barriers while taking care of the disable patients.
SOCIAL CARE FOR DISABLED2The concept of the care for the disabled people has been changing with time hencethere is a major shift in the theoretical aspects also. Disability is now being seen to be anelement of diversity though historically disability used to be judged through physical andspiritual demonization. However, contemporary theorists, influenced by pluralism, view thisissue within the complicated and diverse universe of human experience[ CITATION Gil02 \l16393 ].This is the reason why the problem of disability has been perceived to be a multi-level social justice concern which is embedded with a specific, social, political, economic,cultural and relational environment. For understanding disability there are two majorperspectives need to be defined[ CITATION Art18 \l 16393 ].One perspective locatesdisability as internal to the individual and another identifies disabling factors in externalenvironments to the individuals.As disability is a sense of incapacity to perform actions due to physical andpsychological barrier, it need to have a medical explanation. This is the reason why thepresentation has discussed about the diagnostic approach to disability. This approach is solelybased on the medical explanation of the individual health condition[ CITATION Cro14 \l16393 ].Under this perspective, the issue of disability can be defined to be impedimentsassociated with behavioral, physical, cognitive, psychological and sensory that create adistinction among the less abled individuals and those who are free from such range ofimpediments along with those who can recuperate with such impediments. This particularapproach essentializes the concept of disability in one hand and locates it within theindividuals. Therefore, the social services for serving disability is mainly curation and aim toremediate the disability.This particular approach is based on the historic notion of illness advanced in theearly 1950s by Parsons. According to him, the ailment releases the sick individuals from thecompliance with the socially enforced norms in behavior. In order to get relief from social
SOCIAL CARE FOR DISABLED3behavioral norms the individuals are to be compliant with and appreciate the medicalintervention to recover. Expectedly this diagnostic approach to disability will not be able tobe applied on those whose illness are by and large incurable[ CITATION Lee14 \l 16393 ].Therefore, this approach can be approach only on the individuals who can be recovered fromtheir illness and keeps the critically ill individuals deficient outside the social acceptability.According to the critics of this approach, diagnostic approach to care disability classify anindividual with disabilities deviant and noncompliant to the conventional behaviors.Within the diagnostic approach, the idea of rehabilitation underlies a wide variety ofinterventions. As the chief aim of the social care practitioners to take curative measures toserve the clients, this concept of rehabilitation is important[ CITATION Art18 \l 16393 ].This intervention aims to improve the function as well as the wellbeing of the individualswith the help of medical diagnosis. This diagnostic approach to disability sharply contrastswith the occupational therapy as well as vocational rehabilitation. These later approaches aremainly concerned with the alteration and elimination of the environmental barriers whichoriginally create impediments in the functions of the individuals[ CITATION Cro14 \l 16393].The orientation of these fields is apparent as they are concerned with the diagnosticfictional abnormality which include developmental disability as well as psychosis. These areregardless of the interventions. The patients are referred to the rehabilitations as what isapparent to be medical condition, limits the function. This approach to disability designs thework of the rehabilitations professional by modifying the environment of the individuals forprospect intervention[ CITATION Wak14 \l 16393 ].In this approach, the practice ofrehabilitation ranges from the adaptation of an environment for fitting the individuallimitations to work with the clients to adapt perfect environment as well as exhibit a morenormative action.
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