Assignment on Sociology (pdf)

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SOCIOLOGY
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1Modernisation theory..................................................................................................................1Pros and cons of Modernisation theory.......................................................................................3Impact of modernisation theory on contemporary global situation............................................4Dependency theory......................................................................................................................5Pros and cons of Dependency theory..........................................................................................6Impact of dependency theory on contemporary global situation................................................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................8
INTRODUCTIONSociology refers to a scientific study of society considering patterns of socialrelationships, culture and interaction. It includes aspect of diversity ranging from crime toreligion, family to state, from divisions to race and social class to shared belied of similar culture(Cicourel, 2017). However, it involves understanding about behaviour and relationships byanalysing the way of human actions & consciousness that shape surrounding cultural as well associal structures. The present essay is based on Modernisation theory and Dependency theory inorder to analyse respective perspectives. It will focus on comparison and contrasting betweenthese two theories and evaluate relevant views. The pros and cons connected with theseperspectives and their reflection on contemporary global situations is given below.MAIN BODYTopic: Compare and contrast Modernization Theory with either Dependency Theory ortheWorld System perspective. What are the pros and cons associated with these perspectivesand which best reflect the contemporary global situation? In addition to the articles youhave found you should also utilise the required readings included in this course.Modernisation theoryModernisation theory can be described as an approach which study about the proceduresrelated to social evolution and development of societies. It includes the criterion of determiningeffective social variables that are helpful to contribute in progress as well as development of thesociety. However, it has been analysed that theory of modernisation cam be considered as asubject of criticism that takes place between free market ideologist, world systems theorists,globalisation theorist, dependency theorist and socialist(Wexler, 2017). Basically, it is observedthat modernisation theory is not only focus on change in the society but also responsible torespond to that modification in society. Meanwhile, it has been analysed that this theory has acriterion to consider internal dynamics at the time of referring cultural and social structures alongwith the adaptation of new technologies.At the other hand, this theory focus to maintain traditional societies along withfacilitating development as they become capable to adopt additional modern practices. It isnecessary to increase capabilities of people so that they can grab more new practices which are1
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