Standard operating procedures and occupational health and safety program : Assignment
Added on -2020-01-07
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Standard operating procedures and occupational health and safety program within the dermal therapies 1Standard operating procedures and occupational health and safety program within thedermal therapiesStudent's Name:Instructor's Name:Date:
Standard operating procedures and occupational health and safety program within the dermal therapies 2Standard operating procedures and occupational health and safety program within the dermal therapiesImportance and Relevance of occupational health and safety in dermal therapy settingRisk assessment in a dermal setting will include the extent of exposure of a hazardouschemical or injuries. Hence, it becomes imperative to determine if the chemical in-questionhas the ability to penetrate the body and cause toxicity. Skin exposure to chemicals is acommon occurrence in lab settings, chemical production units, nanotechnology labs, etc.among the others. The rate of skin illnesses has been 3.4 cases in every 10,000 workers as perBureau of Labour Statistics in 2010. Skin exposures to toxic chemicals can lead to theincidences of occupational skin diseases, also known as OSD, and systemic toxicity. Skindermatitis is the second largest OSD that is seen among workers in the world. OSDs are ofvarious kinds and they include Irritant and allergen contact dermatitis, Skin melanomas andDermal Infections. The most commonly observed OSD is Contact Dermatitis which ischaracterized by itching, redness, swelling, blisters and cracks on the skin.Hazards caused to the skin can be the effect of chemical and physical agents, biologicalagents and mechanical stress. Chemical agents include direct irritants that cause reaction onimmediate contact with the dermis and sensitizers that cause an allergic reaction. The irritantscan be in the form of aerosols, emulsions or splashes. Physical agents will include lasers,radiations, extreme temperatures etc. among the others. Mechanical trauma will includefriction, abrasions, cuts and scrapes, lacerations etc. Lastly, Biological agents will compriseof viruses, parasites, microbes etc. The dermal absorption can occur by three mechanismsviz., Intercellular pathway, transcellular pathway and via appendages (Skin Exposure andEffects, 2013).
Standard operating procedures and occupational health and safety program within the dermal therapies 3Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS), more widely known as Workplace Health andSafety Act (WHS) was established in 1970 to ensure the safety of employees and workers inthe site of work. The act has helped to reduce the incidences of work-related injuries, illnessor death. The main objective of the OHS is to provide a healthy and safe environment for theworkers and to ensure the overall wellbeing of the staff, family members, clients and otherpeople who are associated with the set up (Elliott, 2003).In the long run, a company is benefited by such schemes because of a decrease in the medicalbills and insurance costs pertaining to its employees. In a study, it was revealed that after theimplementation of OHS Act about 60% decrease in workplace accidents have been recorded.The OHS also ensures that workplaces are inspected from time-to-time (“Workplace Healthand Safety, Occupational Health,” 2014).Comprehensive data has shown that a developed nation like Europe spends about £ 5 billionin OSD related issues due to productivity loss and cost of treatment. The United States spendsabout $ 1 billion annually on OSD issues. Large data about OSDs from developing and underdeveloped economies are not available yet (Occupational Skin Diseases, 2011).Standard Operational Processes involved in identifying and addressing potential risksA lot of methods are available to estimate skin exposures. Risk management is the problem-solving strategy in occupational work and safety. There are four basic steps in riskmanagement viz., identifying, assessing, controlling and reviewing measures. Controlmeasures will include eliminating any possible hazardous substance or equipment,substituting with a less toxic form of the substance, isolating handlers from the process,management of substances, administrative controls to formulate good practices protocol andlastly, providing the personal protective equipment to the handlers (Fenske, 1993).
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