Strategic Management In Non-Profit Organization Report

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head:SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEWSystematic Literature Review: Strategic Management In Non-Profit OrganizationName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor’s note
1SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEWContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................2Methodology....................................................................................................................................2Literature Review............................................................................................................................3Definition of non-profit organisation...........................................................................................3Definition of strategic management.............................................................................................3Formulation of a business model for non-profit organisation.....................................................4Understanding the business environment....................................................................................4Resource Dependency Theory.....................................................................................................5Communication management......................................................................................................6Marketing concept.......................................................................................................................7Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................8Reference list:..................................................................................................................................9
2SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEWIntroductionStrategic management is the process of identification and implementation of tactics bywhich managers of the organisation can achieve the aims and objectives. in order to reach theStrategic management is important especially for the non-profit organizations as it serves tosatisfy the stakeholders including donors, volunteers, executive directors, clients and staffs whoare important and essential part of the success of the non-profits (Bryce, 2017). The strategicmanagement in non-profit organizations helps in continuous planning, controlling, assessmentand analysis of all that is important operations of the business for achieving organizational goalsand objectives of the company (Hill & Jones, 2013).MethodologyThe method theta has been implemented to carry out the process of research is based onthe topic. As the research is based on the systematic literature review the data that is gathered toreach the conclusion and answer the research question is all taken by the process of secondarydata collection. It is the process by which the previous work of other authors and scholars areused to come to a conclusion, in this process the researcher is not going to base the findings andthe result of the research on any new information. Systematic review is focused on addressingthe issue byidentifying, critically evaluating and integratingthe result of all related studies.Google Scholar is a great platform to carry out this study. This is a service provided by Googlewhere academic journal articles are found in form of PDF files. With the help of Keywords theresearcher can find the previous work that has been done by other authors. The number ofarticles that is going to be used in the literature is in between 20-25 and the time period that hasbeen selected to review the work is in between 2010-2017. As the topic that has been chosen is
3SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEWmore theoretical the researcher will focus more on journals that have qualitative research morethan quantitative.Literature ReviewDefinition of non-profit organisationA non-profit organization (NPO) is a business entity whose aim and objective revolvearound creating social value in the process of operation. The idea of NPOs is to develop andmaintain a sustainable environment in the society by helping the people who are in need as wellas focusing on the sections of the society that is being neglected (Weerawardena et al., 2010).On the other hand, according to Tabaku & Mersini (2013), the nonprofit segment isusually addressed as the third sector, independent sector, voluntary sector, philanthropic sector,social sector, tax-exempt sector or the charitable sector.The similarities in between these definitions are that they both agree that the nonprofit is sectionthat is focused on creation of value. The difference in the definition lies in the fact that thesecond definitions gives a more concrete idea about the sector and focuses on the aspects of thebusiness.Definition of strategic managementFormulation of a plan is different form creating a strategy the planning process comesafter the strategy has been laid down. In a non-profit seeking organisation the operations of thebusiness has a very different tone, as it is driven by values the strategies that are implemented bythe management are also focused on the value creation (Anheier, 2014). According to Bao,(2015), it can be defined as the dynamic process of planning, observation, inspection and
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