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Essay on Alcohol Abuse

   

Added on  2019-09-26

6 Pages1485 Words1444 Views
STUDENTMODELESSAYAlcoholabuseinteenagershasbecomeanissueinsomesocieties.Whatcausesalcoholabuseinteenagers?Whataresomehealthandsocialeffectsofalcoholabuseinteenagers?Theproblemofalcoholabuseinteenagersisnotanewonebutitisstillacurrenttopicinsomesocieties.Teenagersareinastatebetweenchildhoodandadulthoodandemergingproblemsareoftenhandledindifferentways. Forsomeofthemalcoholseemstobeasolutionoftheirproblems. Alcoholabuseisknownasapatternofdrinkingmarkedbyoccasionallossofcontroloverdrinkingbutusuallydoesnotincludesymptomsofphysicaldependence. Themostsevereformofalcoholabuseisalcoholdependence. Theissueinteenagersisthattheyareoftenmoreopentoinfluencesintheirenvironmentandsometimesdonotthinkabouttheconsequencesoftheirbehavior. Thisessayaimstoexaminepeer expectations and behavior and the family environment askeycontributingfactorstoalcoholabuseinteenagers,andthenassess two effects, alcohol-relatedaggressionandviolenceand the impact on their brain .Perhapsthemostimportantcausesofalcoholabuseinteenagersarepeerexpectationsandbehaviour.Itseemsthattheuseandabuseofalcoholwithinteenagergroupsareguidedbysocialstandardsoftheclique.Asadolescentsarethemostsensitivegroupregardingexternalfactors,becausetheydonothaveastableidentityyetandtheyareinaperiodofdevelopment,thereisahigherriskforthemtoexperimentwithdrugssuchasalcohol(Costello,Sung,Worthman&Angold,2007). ThisviewissuppportedbyLeeetal.(2012),keyresearchersinthefieldofalcohol abusedisorder. Theyclaimthatadolescent's

STUDENTMODELESSAYassociationwiththeuseofalcoholand delinquentfellowsarethemostsolidpeerpredictor. Forexample,drinkinglargeamountsofalcoholispartofthecultureinmanycollegesanduniversitycampuses(Bodenlos,Noonan&Wells,2013)andcanquicklyresultinalcoholabuse. Therefore,thereisgeneralagreementthatpeershavealargeimpactontheindividualwithinthegroupregardingtheabuseofalcohol.Anotherimportantcauseofalcoholabuseinadolescenceisthefamilyenvironment.Family factorshavealargeimpactonthelaterperformanceofthechildandcanprovokeorsupporttheabuseofalcoholinteenagers. Accordingtoasurveyby Costello,Sung,Worthman &Angold(2007)thesefamilyfactorsarecomposedof"povertyandadversity"'"child-rearingstyle"and"familyproblems". Forchildrenwithbehaviouralproblems,forexample,itismorelikely tohaveabadperformanceatschoolandtheythereforetendtodrinkmorealcoholthantheirfriendswithlessornobehaviouralproblems(Hinshaw; Linskey&Fergusson as citedinHuerta&Borgonovi,2010).Earlymaltreatmentsuchasneglect,physicalorsexualabuse isalsoanissuethatmightberelatedwithalcoholabuseinadolescencebutpreliminaryfindingscouldnotbackthistheorysofar(Costello,Sung,Worthman&Angold,2007). Factorssuchas thesearecritical,astheycanresultindifferenceoutcomesandneed tobeseparatedbysex.There areseveralmaineffectscausedbyalcoholabuseinteenagers thathaveanimpactonthesocialandhealthwellbeingofthe adolescent. Oneofthemainsocialeffectsisalcohol-relatedaggressionandviolence.Aspecialformofviolence causedbyalcoholabusemaybeaggressionandviolenceagainstoneselfthatcanevenlead to suicide

STUDENTMODELESSAY(Dawson, a s c i t e dinChatterji,Kaestner&Markowitz,2004). Duetoexcessivealcoholconsumptionteenagersaremorelikelytobehaveantisocialandbeengagedinviolentacts(Gil&Molina,2007). AccordingtoJennison(2004),therearerisingratesofsexualassaults,propertydamage,campusdisruptionsandtroublewithpoliceasaresultofalcoholuseandabuse. Therefore,alcoholabuseinteenagersmaynotonlyendangerthepersonwhoconsumesalcoholbutalsoconcernsotherpeopleinthesurroundingsoftheadolescentsuchasfriendsandfamily.Secondly,amajoreffectofalcoholabuseinteenagersontheirhealthistheimpactthatalcoholhasonthehumanbrain.Itisafactthatalcoholdamagesbraincellsandcancauseseveralothermentaldisorderssuchasmemoryproblems.Flatscher,BaderandWilce(2009)detectedarangeofcognitivedefectssuchasproblemswith abstractproblemsolving,spatialandverballearning,memoryformationandperceptualmotorskillsinconsequenceoftheimpactofalcoholabuseonthetranscriptomeofthe humanbrain.ThisviewissupportedbyLeeetal.(2011)whomentionanegativelyaffectedfunctioningincellularandmolecularsystemslike interruptionintheactivityofthe braininthecaseofexcessivealcoholconsumption,Theseresearchesemphasizehowalcoholabuseofadolescentshasnotonlyshorttermseffectbutalsounintendedlong-termeffectsonthehumanhealththatmaybeirreparablyandcancauselifetimedamages. Furthereffectsofalcoholabuseonthehealthofteenagersareheavydamagesoftheorgansanddiseases.Short-termeffectsmaybehangoversandalcoholpoisoningthatsometimesevenleadtofacilities(Jennison,2004)butexcessivealcoholconsumption amongteenagerscanalsoleadtoahigherriskoforgan damage suchas higherriskof

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