Assignment on Menopause FCHS
Added on - 21 Apr 2020
Running head: MENOPAUSEMenopauseFCHS Student numberName of the StudentSemesterYearName of the UniversityWord count- 1280Author Note
1MENOPAUSEIntroduction- Menopause is an aeging process and typically occurs in both men andwomen at approximately 49-52 years of age. Male menopause is the more commonly referred toas andropause. The term is generally used to describe male hormonal changes that are related toincreasing age. The condition is also known as late-onset hypogonadism or androgen deficiency.It involves a drop in testosterone production (Cunningham, 2013). On the other hand, thecessation of menstrual periods in females is referred to as menopause. It involves loss of folliclesfrom the ovary (Murphy et al., 2013). This condition can also arise due to surgical removal ofovaries. The follicles present in the ovary lose their capability to respond to the secretion offollicle stimulating hormone (FSH). A particular population survey conducted in the United ArabEmirates showed that the 48 years was the mean age for incidence of natural menopause, and itwas lower than the mean age observed among people living in the West (Hamid et al., 2014).Another study showed that women living in the UAE reported less severity and fewersymptoms of menopause than women living in the western countries (Hamid et al., 2014).Theassignment will illustrate the observable signs and symptoms of menopause, the data fromseveral laboratory studies and the various treatment or interventions used to prevent itsoccurrence. It will further illustrate the future nursing implications to treat this condition inclinical settings. Therefore, it will help in providing a deeper understanding of the services thatneed to be employed to treat menopause and promote the holistic wellbeing of the targetpopulation.Symptoms- Menopause is considered as a natural change. The periods generally becomeirregular before the incidence of menopause. The most common symptoms are observed in theform of vasomotor symptoms orhot flashes that last from 30 seconds to 10 minutes. The hotflashes are often associated with sweating, shivering,and reddening of skin, and are reported by
2MENOPAUSEmore than 80% of women experiencing menopause. Other observable symptoms includetroublein sleeping, sexual difficulties, vaginal dryness, itching, urine leakage, decreased libido, andmood changes (Altaweel & Alharbi, 2012).Menopause increases the likelihood of gettingaffected with atherosclerosis and acute myocardial infarction. Some of the common risk factorsthat contribute to the condition are hypertension, tobacco smoking, increased body weight andincreasedblood lipids. The risk for osteoporosis andosteopenia also rises (Topatan & Yıldız,2012).Hormonal fluctuations give rise to several psychological changes like irritability, moodswings, increasing anxiety, poor memory and lack of concentration. The UAE census conductedin 2010 reported that there were 468,888 Emirati women of whom 83,784 were from Dubai. Atleast 50% of the population was female (222,875). The census reports revealed that lifeexpectancy is 39.4 years at 45 – 49 years and 34.4 years at 50 – 54 years (Dsc.gov.ae, 2017).Thus, it can be deduced that women live one-third of their lives beyond the incidence ofmenopause.Diagnosis- People are often advised to undergo the Follicle-stimulating hormone test isby doctors to assess the levels of estrogen and FSH. An increase in FSH levels and decrease inestrogen levels are generally observed. The Greene Climateric Scale is aquestionnairetool usedbyto study menopausesymptoms. Furthermore, doctors often test for lipid profile, where anabnormal increase in low density lipoproteins (LDL) and decrease in high density lipoproteins(HDL) show an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases. Performing thyroid function testsexclude the occurrence of thyroid diseases because they share some common symptoms withmenopause. Swabs are used to check pH levels of the vagina. This is due to the fact that vaginalpH levels increase to 6 during menopause (Panda et al., 2014).