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Summative Assessment 2Importance of play in child development:Playing is an important part for development of child. Playing enables the children for using theircreativity and develops the power of imagination. Getting involved into play also enables the children toimprove the physical and emotional strength. Play also benefits the children for developing the dexterityand cognitive ability. The play is also important for development of the brain also (Oakley & Barratt-Pugh,2007). The children need to interact and get attached to the world surrounding them. By getting involvedinto the play, the children get scope to know the world. Conquering the fear is an important aspect of thedevelopment of child. By spending time in play, the children can be able to reduce the fear. During play,the children often practice adult roles along with other children. During different development stages, thechildren need to grow new competencies. Getting involved into play provides the children with theopportunity to grow new competencies. Playing also provides the children with the scope to increase theirconfidence level by mastering over different tasks. While playing, the children work without any directionand it helps them to increase the confidence. During play, the children also get the chance to work in thegroups which help them to develop the social skills. In other words, during play, the children startdeveloping the skills for sharing, negotiation, resolving problems and the self-advocacy skills.During the different development phases, the children need to be allowed to practice the decision-makingskill. Every child grows at own pace. In the development phase, the children should be allowed to grow attheir own pace. Allowing the children to work in autonomy can help them to identify the areas of interest.Independent play provides the children with excellent opportunities to take own decisions withoutsupervision and identify the areas of interest. In case of the independent play, the child does not need tofollow the rules set by adults. They can use their own creativity while playing. Playing without adultinterference helps the children to communicate with other children independently. It helps them todevelop the group skills and also the leadership abilities. Additionally, the independent play helps thechildren to have the healthy bodies, passive entertainment and active mind. The obesity is beingconsidered as an epidemic among the worldwide children. Taking part in the active play helps the childrento get rid of the obesity and associated health issues.The role of caregivers is crucial in the children’s play. The optimum benefits from play can be derivedwhen the care-givers observe the children at play. Observing the children when they are playing providesthem with an excellent opportunity to see the world from the child’s perspective. As an effect, thecaregivers become able to understand the personality traits of the children more accurately.Designing an environment for play:The children require being provided by the suitable environment to play so that they receive the optimumbenefits from games. The child care facilities take a key role to design the play environment. The playenvironment needs to be developed on basis of the National Quality Framework, the Early Years LearningFramework in Australia and the National Quality Standard.The Early Years Learning Framework is based on the following principles –
Developing the secured, respectful and reciprocal relationship with the children (Acecqa.gov.au,2018)The educators should work in partnership with others to provide the children the most learningbenefitsThe educators also need to set high expectations and maintain the equityThe educators should show the respect for diversity while dealing with the childrenThe educators should also focus on implementing the ongoing learningAs per the Early Years Learning Framework, the educators need to implement the following practices –The teachers should adopt the holistic approaches while delivering the education to thechildren(Acecqa.gov.au, 2018)Being responsive to the need of childrenUsing play as a way to foster learningUsing intentional teachingDeveloping the social and physical learning environments for having a positive impact onthe learning of childrenConsidering the social and cultural contexts for children and the familiesEnabling continuous experiences and enabling the children to make transitionsuccessfullyMonitoring the provision of children and supporting them to achieve the learningoutcomesIn the Early Years Learning Framework, the play is considered as an important part of the education. Asevident from the framework, the children should be provided with a responsive environment so that theirrequirements are met immediately.The early years learning framework gives importance on achieving the following learning outcomes –1.The children should have the strong sense of identity2.The children need to feel connected with their own world. In addition, they should be able tomake contributions to the world.3.The children should have the sense of wellbeing in their learning environment4.The children should grow confident and develop themselves as involved learners5.The children need to be able to communicate effectivelyThe desired learning outcomes indicate that the environment for play needs to be created in such way sothat the children get enough opportunity to carry out their activities independently with other children.The quality area 3 of National Quality Standard focuses on providing the children with safe and suitablephysical environment. According to the quality standard, the play area for children should support widerange of activities. The play are needs to be spacious and it should contain the fixtures, building and
fittings which are suitable for the purpose. It also needs to be ensured that everything in the area isaccessible for the children.References:Acecqa.gov.au. (2018). Quality Area 3 – Physical environment. Retrieved fromhttps://www.acecqa.gov.au/nqf/national-quality-standard/quality-area-3-physical-environmentAcecqa.gov.au. (2018). Approved learning frameworks. Retrieved fromhttps://www.acecqa.gov.au/nqf/national-law-regulations/approved-learning-frameworksOakley, G., & Barratt-Pugh, C. (2007). The Identification of Assessment Resources to Support ChildrenLearning to Read in the Early Years of School.Sum assessment 1Physical activity helps the children to maintain healthy weight. The type of physical activity that suits theneed of a child depends on the age. For instance, the children within the age 0-1 year , need to take part inthe floor-based play in the safe and supervised environment (Haines et al., 2013). The children within 1-3years of age and the preschoolers within 3-5 years of age require taking part in the physical activities forminimum three hours in a day (Haines et al., 2013). The children above five years require taking part inphysical activity of moderate to vigorous intensity for at least one hour. In addition, the children also needto be encouraged to reduce their time with electronic gadgets and increase participation in outdoorgames.Reference:Haines, J., McDonald, J., O’brien, A., Sherry, B., Bottino, C. J., Schmidt, M. E., & Taveras, E. M. (2013).Healthy habits, happy homes: randomized trial to improve household routines for obesity preventionamong preschool-aged children.JAMA pediatrics,167(11), 1072-1079.The pedagogy principles that shape the activities of a teacher are – motivation, exposition , direction ofactivity, criticism and imitation (Van Manen, 2016).The motivation helps the teachers to inspire students to learn. As per exposition, the teacher can useconventional board and chalk methods and enhance exposure of the student to new knowledge. Theteachers can encourage the students to learn by taking part in different activities (Van Manen, 2016). Theyoung students can learn through play. The progress of students needs to be criticized to identify theareas of improvement. The criticism can be done through evaluation, taking a corrective measures andtarget setting . Finally the teachers can encourage the students to identify the role models and imitate tofoster learning.Reference:Van Manen, M. (2016).Researching lived experience: Human science for an action sensitive pedagogy.Routledge.
The National Quality Framework of Australia focuses on addressing the health and safety issues in thechildcare facilities. The National Quality Framework focuses on incorporating the following factors --1.The service provider and the other individuals associated with the childcare facility have theresponsibility to support the protection, health, safety and wellbeing of the children (Cummins etal., 2003)2.The foreseeable risks related to injury , harm and infection need to be managed3.The physical environment should reduce the risk of unintentional harm and injury4.The environment should be clean to enhance safety of children5.The children need to be supervised all the time during their stay in the childcare facility6.Food safety is one of the crucial aspects of overall wellbeing of the children. The childcare serviceprovider needs to ensure that the children are being provided with quality food.7.The children should not be exposed to intense light or sound. The childcare facility should havethe comfortable environment of the children.8.The shelves of the facility should be at the accessible height for the children. Keeping things at theaccessible range reduces the risk of slip or fall.9.The area where children are kept should be free from the narrow passages and the hallways.Presence of narrow passages increases the risk of running away.10.Conducting Infrastructure audit is an effective technique to identify the risks in the childcarefacility. The service provider needs to conduct the audit for identifying and management of therisk.Reference:Cummins, R. A., Eckersley, R., Pallant, J., Van Vugt, J., & Misajon, R. (2003). Developing a national index ofsubjective wellbeing: The Australian Unity Wellbeing Index.Social indicators research,64(2), 159-190.The manipulative play can be described as the activity which allows the children to move, screw, turn ororder the items to fit. The children in the manipulative play take the control of the play environment. Thechildren also gain the master over the objects of play (Van Hoorn et al., 2014). The manipulative play isoften solitary. However, when sufficient resources are provided, the play can be considered as acooperative activity. The children should be exposed to the indoor and outdoor environment. Adequateexposure to both types of environment can help the children to be engaged to play. The children can alsobe provided with manipulative toys. Offering the manipulative toys can help the children to show theircreativity while playing.Reference:Van Hoorn, J. L., Monighan-Nourot, P., Scales, B., & Alward, K. R. (2014). Play at the center of thecurriculum. Pearson.The information on National Quality Framework can be found in the ACEQCA site. The detailedinformation on the NQF can be found on the following link—