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Surname1Student’s Name:Professor’s name:Course Name:Due Date:Greek MythologyIntroductionGreek mythology has been an integral part of the history of the world. Thiscivilization was established in early times as much as 1000 years ago. Greek mythology hasbeen famous for its literature and religion and has been the building blocks of the civilizationfor years to come.In this report we will be discussing the concept of arete (excellence), timê (honor),and kleos (glory) in Greek mythology and discussing their roles in Greek Mythology.ArêteArête is the term related to excellence or knowledge in Greek mythology. It finds itspath again deep rooted in the Greek gods somewhere.Arête, was the goddess of excellence. Popularly known as Queen Arête was the wifeof Alcinous, who was the king of Phaeacians and mothered two children: Nausicaa andLaodamas. They both are said to be the decedents of Posedon[ CITATION Ach171 \l 1033 ]Not much is known about Arête as she was a minor Greek goddess. It has beendepicted in “the Odyssey” that she was the queen of Scheria and is closely associated toknowledge and excellence.Symbolically speaking, Arête refers to the knowledge possessed by some one or his virtue ofexcellence, which is unique to everyone and not common. For example, the excellence
Surname2possessed by a man is different than the excellence possessed by a dog. It actually refers tothe “moral virtue” one possesses.This has a clear mention in Palto’s Allegory where its deep meaning with theapplication has been explained quite nicely. According to Greek mythology, Arête is thehighest virtue possessed by a being[ CITATION Tho16 \l 1033 ].ANoher reference can betaken from Plato’s Timaeus which offers the perspective of knowledge and intellect from thepoint of view of the origination of the universe[ CITATION Sta10 \l 1033 ]Arête has been placed at the highest pedestals of the god things and considers to bethe true to its form of moderation, justice, happiness, equality, morality and duty. It points ina way to all the higher status that a man wishes to achieve by his virtue. Every girl wishes tomarry a man who possess these virtues and lives by them in the society, for he is not onlyrighteous in nature, but also Equanimeous and just.We are or possess Arête is us when:We are being our true selves and adhering to all rules of being excellent ie, only a aperfect seed can grow into a perfect plantIf we can offer happiness to people alikeIf our soul is in perfect balanceArête is something which every complete individual wishes to achieve.TimêTimê is referred to as honour in Greek Mythology. It refers to the honour paid to allthe gods and hero’s in Greek mythology. It is however not only restricted to certain oralpractices, but can also take form of rituals and sacrifices as well. We can take reference ofthis from the Greek play Euripides’ Alcestis. Here the entire story is set in the backdrop ofhonor and the love of a wife who sacrifices herself for her husband[ CITATION Ric10 \l1033 ].
Surname3As mentioned in the Euripide’s Herakle’s (1328-1337), king Theseus of Athensannounces all the honour and glory that Herakle’s will get once he is back from war. Itsignifies his virtues as a warrior and how he is befitted to this timeless glory and honour, orbetter timê[ CITATION Mar151 \l 1033 ]This honour calls for his worship even after he dies and the city will remember him tobring him back. So basically, time is based on the background of a tragic hero of Greekmythology Herakle and how he was honoured and glorified by sacrifices and ritual to bringback to life.When one looks at its symbolicall meaning, we can realise that time refers to theperson’s accumulation of all honour and glory which they possess by their Arête or by theirvirtue. This focuses on the part of attaining it and then eventually maintaining it as well.Since it is said that honour, pride, respect and ego are just a matter of few minutes. Theycome and go and in order ot be retained they are to be well kept, preserved and even fearedfor they are nobody’s constant companion.The legends have many description and reasoning behind the term Timê and how itcame into existence. It refers to a lot of sacrifices, bloodshed and battles with the self.KleosKleos is ancient Greek mythology refers to Glory, again can be considered to be asubset of Timê. It refers to a lifetime full of glory achieved by the virtue of heroic acts andwisdom.The glory and its notion however isn’t that simple. The glory comes to those whoachieve what they seek. It is hard earned in nature unlike Timê. It calls for completededication leaving everyone and everything behind, executing complete focus andaccomplishing great deeds on and off the battlefield[ CITATION Kri16 \l 1033 ].It is said that someone who isa hero will only achieve Kleos as he won’t ever give uphis dream, but might give up his family, wife, children or anything which stops him from