Understanding of a Mixture of Theories

Added on - 13 Sep 2019

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Team Group PresentationService Operation ManagementNorth Middlesex A&E DepartmentIntroductionWorking with a team and leading teams is one of the key elements of success. But it isnot an inherent skill possessed by all. Thus, many researchers have developed variousteam theory in order to illustrate and develop the skills needed to ensure success whileworking in a team. To become effective in teams, one requires having an understandingof a mixture of theories, reflection, and experience.TYPES OF TEAM BUILDING THEORIESThere are a number of theories given by various researchers relating to team building.Some of them are as follows:Beldin’s team role theory,Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of Needs theory;John Adair Leadership theory;Isabel Briggs-Myers’s MBTI theory;Douglas McGregor X and Y theory;Tajfel, Social Identity theory,Tuckman’s theory of group development; andJung’ color works theoryOur team which consisted of five individuals who were all different gave a group
presentation. We had mainly applied two major theories of group building namely;Tuckman’s theory of group developmentandBeldin’s team role theoryto analyzethe strengths and weaknesses of our team (Raes, 2015).Belbin’s team role theoryBelbin, in his theory, has explained various roles to be played by each individual whileworking in a team.These can be categorized as:Action oriented roles are played by following:Shaper’s role is to challenge the team in order to improve. Implementer’s role is to putthe ideas into action. Completer’s role is to finish the task with timely completion.People Oriented Roles are played by following:The coordinator is acting as a chairperson. Team Worker who encourages cooperation.Resource Investigator who explores outside opportunities.Thought Oriented Roles are played by following:A plant, whose role is to present new ideas and approaches. Monitor-Evaluator whoanalyzes the options. A specialist who provides specialized skills (Seck, 2014).Besides the role to be played by each individual in a team, Belbin’s theory also gavevarious strengths and weaknesses pertaining to those different roles which we couldrelate to ourselves while we were playing those roles in the real situation. Thesestrengths and weaknesses are givenROLESTRENGTHSWEAKNESSESPlantcreative solves difficultignores incidentals andtoo much preoccupied to1
(played by S)problems, imaginative,unorthodoxcommunicate effectivelyResource-investigatorextrovert, communicative,enthusiastic, developscontracts,exploresopportunitiesoveroptimisticlosesinterest once initialenthusiasm has passedCo-ordinator(played by ‘N’)mature, confident, a goodchairperson,clarifiesgoals, promotes decision-making, delegates wellcan be seen asmanipulative, offloadspersonal workShaperis challenging, thrives onpressure, dynamic, thedrive and courage toovercome obstacleswhich are prone toprovocation,offendspeople's feelingsMonitor–Evaluator(played by A)sober, strategic anddiscerning, sees alloptions,judgesaccuratelyand lacks drive andability to inspire othersTeam-worker(played by E)co-operative,mild,perceptiveanddiplomatic, listens, builds,averts frictionindecisive in crunchsituationsImplementer(Played by E and A)disciplined, conservative,reliable and efficient,turns ideas into practicalactionscan be inflexible, slow torespondtonewpossibilitiesCompleter–Finisherpainstaking,conscientious, anxious,searches out errors andomissionsinclined to worry unduly,reluctant to delegateSpecialistsingle-minded,self-starting,dedicated,provides knowledge andskills in rare supplycontributes on only anarrow front, dwells ontechnicalitiesin the table below:Tuckman’s theory of group development2
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