Disease, Disorders and Tetanus Assignment

Added on - 29 Nov 2019

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Running head: INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS1Tetanus[Author Name(s)][Institutional]Author Note
INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS2ContentsAbstract................................................................................................................................3Introduction..........................................................................................................................4Causes and Pathogens..........................................................................................................4Mode of Transmission.....................................................................................................4Symptoms........................................................................................................................8Diagnosis.........................................................................................................................9Treatment.......................................................................................................................10Prevention......................................................................................................................11Recommendations..........................................................................................................11References......................................................................................................................12
INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS3AbstractTetanus is a critical disease that comes through external body injuries like wounds, injections,surgeries e.t.c. Some civilized societies and acculturated groups have practically destroyedtetanus. This success has come due to widespread vaccinations and treatments. However, due topoverty, lack of awareness and illiteracy, there are still incidences of tetanus in some parts of theunderdeveloped nations. Adequate immunization of the entire population, sufficient managementof injuries, and by embracing the hygienic measures, it is easier to eradicate this profoundlydeadly yet preventable disease. This paper will focus on tetanus as a disease and its management.Keywords: Tetanus, Administration, Immunization, Vaccines, Tetanospasmin
INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS4IntroductionThe name Tetanus refers to a disease caused by the microorganism, Clostridium tetani.This one is a bacterium that typically exist in human bodies. Tetanus is still referred to as boltjaw disease for its common effect of muscle locking of the jaw and body muscles. This paperwill be an examination of the causes of tetanus, mode of transmission, symptoms, methods ofdiagnosis, treatment, prevention, and where it occurs.Causes and PathogensTetanus is a fatal disease, and its causing agent is a bacterium known as Clostridiumtetani (Kyu et al., 2017). The work of (Kyu et al., 2017) states C.tenani is commonly spread inthe environment. The C. tenani spores have an active resistant mechanism that shields thebacterium from numerous destroying mechanism. For instance, Guilfoile & Babcock (2008)states that C. tetani spores can survive a water bath of 800C for more than an hour. The spore canalso survive long periods of exposure to UV light, and they can contact various cleaning agentsand disinfectants (Guilfoile & Babcock, 2008). For instance, to separate a C. tenani from otherbacteria, one only need to treat the bacterias with ethyl alcohol for one hour where all otherbacteria will die but C.tenani spores will survive (Guilfoile & Babcock, 2008). These spores canalso survive for millions of years.Mode of TransmissionThe C.tenani bacterium is ubiquitous, and the bacterium just requires an cut of the skin toenter the body. C. tetani can grow only where there is an absence of oxygen (Gould, VanMeter &Hubert, 2014). Therefore, C. tetani cannot grow inside the body because most tissues have anadequate supply of oxygen (Guilfoile & Babcock, 2008). However, Hassel (2013) says that incircumstances of a deep cut in wounds, there can be rapid depletion of oxygen due lack of
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