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Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit

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Thirteenth Edition
2015
The A to Z Guide
to Assistance in Afghanistan
2015
Thirteenth Edition
13
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit
iiAREU
IMPORTANT NOTE:The information presented in this guide relies on the voluntary contributions
of ministries and agencies of the Afghan government, embassies, development agencies, and
other organisations representing donor countries, national and international NGOs, and other
institutions. While AREU makes a sincere effort to provide the most accurate and current
information possible with each edition produced, details evolve and change continuously. Users
of this guide are encouraged to submit updates, additions, corrections and suggestions to
publications@areu.org.af.
© 2015 Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit. All rights reserved. No part of this publication
may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher, the Afghanistan
Research and Evaluation Unit. Permission can be obtained by emailing publications@areu.org.af
or by calling +93 (0) 799 608 548.
Funding for this publication is provided by the Swedish International Development Cooperation
Agency (SIDA) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
Provincial Profiles (maps and data):World Bank;Central Statistics Organization
Maps:Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office; United Nations Office for the Coordination
of Humanitarian Affairs
Photos:AREU
Cover photograph: Afghan soldiers march beneath the newly erected large Afghan flag on Wazir
Akbar Khan hilltop in Kabul.
Tab photographs - A to Z: An elderly Afghan man sits in his shop selling watermelons in central
Kabul. Government: People’s representatives gather during the 2013 Loya Jirga in Kabul to
discuss long term relationships between Afghanistan and the United States, including the
Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA). Provincial Profiles: A market in Jalalabad. Contacts: Afghan
artists stage a scene from a street show condemning Taliban attacks during a demonstration by
civil society activists in Kabul. Documents: A shopkeeper sits in his carpet shop in a market in
Kabul. Index: A farmer in northern Afghanistan sifts wheat.
Contact Information:
3rd street on the left from Charahi Haji Yacoub toward Charahi Shaheed
House No. 144, first gate (on the right)
Shahr-i-Naw, Kabul, Afghanistan
Phone: +93 (0) 799 608 548
Email: areu@areu.org.af
Website: www.areu.org.af
The AREU library is located at the AREU office in Kabul and is open:
Sunday to Thursday from 9 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. and 1 p.m. - 4 p.m. (8 a.m. - 2 p.m. during Ramazan).
The A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan
iiiThe A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan
Table of Contents:
About the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit................................................................. iv
About the A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan....................................................................iv
AREU Publications 2014...................................................................................................................v
A to Z Contents: ..................................................................................................................................1
Government Initiatives and Programmes....................................................................................... 4
Non-Governmental Organisations and Civil Society....................................................................29
Afghan-International Initiatives and Programmes.......................................................................55
Libraries..........................................................................................................................................65
The Government of Afghanistan.....................................................................................................74
Background..................................................................................................................................... 74
The Executive..................................................................................................................................75
The Legislative................................................................................................................................76
The Judiciary...................................................................................................................................78
The Public Sector............................................................................................................................81
Pay and Grading.............................................................................................................................83
Elections..........................................................................................................................................84
Provincial Profiles........................................................................................................................... 86
Central Afghanistan.............................................................................................................................. 88
Northeast Afghanistan...................................................................................................................92
East Afghanistan............................................................................................................................94
North Afghanistan..........................................................................................................................96
South Afghanistan..........................................................................................................................99
Southwest Afghanistan............................................................................................................... 102
Southeast Afghanistan............................................................................................................... 104
Contacts........................................................................................................................................ 108
Documents and Maps....................................................................................................................193
Laws in Afghanistan.................................................................................................................... 195
The Constitution.......................................................................................................................... 196
Access to Information Law.......................................................................................................... 228
NGO Legislation and Code of Conduct.......................................................................................237
Code of Conduct for NGOs engaged in Humanitarian Action, Reconstruction, and
Development in Afghanistan (2005)........................................................................................ 238
Maps............................................................................................................................................. 246
Index................................................................................................................................................250
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit
ivAREU
About the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit
The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) is an independent research institute based
in Kabul. AREU’s mission is to inform and influence policy and practice through conducting high-
quality, policy-relevant research and actively disseminating the results, and to promote a culture of
research and learning. To achieve this, AREU engages with policymakers, civil society, researchers,
and students to promote their use of AREU’s research and its library, to strengthen their research
capacity, and to create opportunities for analysis, reflection, and debate.
AREU conducts research on a wide variety of topics and produces dozens of research publications
each year, ranging from policy-focused briefing papers to comprehensive issues and synthesis
reports. Many are translated into Dari and Pashto.
AREU was established in 2002 by the assistance community working in Afghanistan and has a board
of directors with representation from donors, the United Nations and other multilateral agencies, and
non-governmental organisations.
About the A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan
Updated each year, the A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan aims to enhance general
understanding of the array of actors, structures, and government processes related to aid and
reconstruction efforts in the country. The Guide provides: a wide-ranging glossary of assistance
terms and actors, an overview of Afghanistan’s system of government, political provincial briefs, key
primary documents, and an extensive contacts directory that includes government agencies, NGOs,
donors, and international actors. Where not otherwise specified, all dollar amounts are US$. The
Guide is also published in Dari and Pashto.
When the first edition of the A to Z Guide was published in 2002, the goal then—as it is now—
was “to provide a guide to the terms, structures, mechanisms and coordinating bodies critical to
the Afghanistan relief and reconstruction effort to help ensure a shared vocabulary and common
understanding.” Over the years the Guide has increased in scope and size but has always followed
the same successful model.
The A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan
vThe A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan
AREU Publications 2014
These and all other AREU publications are available for download from www.areu.org.af, and most
are available in hard copy from the AREU office in Kabul (# indicates that a publication or a summary
is available in Dari, and * in Pashto).
Public Lecture and Open Discussion:“The Afghan National Army: Sustainability Challenges beyond
Financial Aspects,” by Antonio Giustozzi
The social life of the onion: the informal regulation of the onion market in Nangarhar, Afghanistan, by
Giulia Minoia, Adam Pain and Wamiqullah Mumtaz
The Dilemma of Women and Leadership in Afghanistan: Lessons and Recommendations, by Aarya Nijat #*
Why do children undertake the unaccompanied journey?, by Chona Echavez, Jennefer Lyn Bagaporo,
Leah Wilfreda RE Pilongo, Shukria Azadmanesh #*
Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium Afghanistan Research Programme, by Chona Echavez
Gender, youth, and urban labour market participation: evidence from the tailoring sector in Kabul,
Afghanistan, by Adam Pain and Richard Mallett
An Overview of Citizen’s Fundamental Rights: Opportunities and Challenges, by Dr Rangin Dadfar Spanta #*
Despair or Hope: Rural Livelihoods and Opium Poppy Dynamics in Afghanistan, by Paul Fishstein #*
The state of electoral dispute mechanisms in Afghanistan, by Aruni Jayakody #*
Unpacking the complexities of water conflicts resolution processes in Afghanistan, by Vincent Thomas #*
Despair or Hope? Opium Poppy Cultivation in post-2014 Afghanistan, by Paul Fishstein and David
Mansfield #*
Afghanistan’s Constitution Ten Years On: What Are the Issues?, by Mohammad Hashim Kamali #*
Politics and Governance in Afghanistan: the Case of Nangarhar Province, by Ashley Jackson #*
Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium Annual Seminar, AREU
Roundtable Discussion on “Afghanistan’s Electoral Experiences,” AREU
From Bad They Made it Worse. The concentration of opium poppy in areas of conflict in the provinces of
Helmand and Nangarhar, by David Mansfield #*
Afghanistan: Developing a Method for Village Characterisation, by Adam Pain
The 2014 A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan, by AREU #*
How do social protection and labour programmes contribute to social inclusion?, by Babken Babajanian,
Jessica Hagen-Zanker and Rebecca Holmes #*
The contribution of BRAC’s life skills education and livelihoods trainings to social inclusion in Afghanistan,
by Chona Echavez, Babken Babajanian and Jessica Hagen-Zanker #*
How do labour programmes contribute to social inclusion in Afghanistan?, by Chona Echavez, Jennefer
Lyn Bagaporo, Jessica Hagen-Zanker and Shaheen Akter #*
Evolving Terrain: Opium Poppy Cultivation in Balkh and Badakhshan Provinces in 2013, by Paul Fishstein #*
Adjudicating Election Complaints: Afghanistan and the Perils of Unconstitutionalism, by Ghizzal Haress #*
The Afghan National Army: Sustainability Challenges beyond Financial Aspects, by Antonio Giustozzi and
Peter Quentin #*
Governance in Afghanistan: An Introduction, by Aarya Nijat #*
Small and Medium Enterprises: Development and Regional Trade, by Mujib Mashal #
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit
viAREU
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