The Degree of Impact of the UN on the World Order and Justice Report

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The Degree of Impact of the UN on the World Order and JusticeBy (Name)CourseInstructorUniversityStateDate1
The Degree of Impact of the UN on the World Order and JusticeThe United Nations was established with a purpose of uniting nations and ensuring thatharmony prevails among them. As envisaged in its Charter, it was started to save the nextgenerations from the menace of war following the lessons that came as a result of the SecondWorld War. The war did not only shape the mission of the organization, but it also helped inguiding its work to help it meet the evolving challenges of the modern world. Now, the questionis; to what extent can the UN shape order and ensure justice (prevent war and conflict) in worldpolitics? This essay explains the degree of impact of the UN to the world by discussing itsstrengths, limitations, effects and failures.Effectiveness and Strengths of the UNUsually, an international organization is perceived to be the auditorium where only thestate actors can perform aside from providing rational and sincerity to the body. However, theUN is characterized as an international body that impacts more people and states than regionalorganizations. It largely reflects the conscience of the people having the states as therepresentatives and not to compete with the common individuals. As a result of this, it became anarticle of faith, as well as, a vital standard of foreign policies of most of the countries in theworld.Second, the UN brings states together particularly to encourage and attain peace,development and respect for the rights of the people. Since its inception in 1945, the UN wasmeant to face the most important challenges that result from the internal system (Villani, 2015).It was designed to have a structure that functions to curb the adverse effects of globalization likethe spread of multinational dangers and to provide peace and security to the nations. In order for2
them to reach their goal, the body got provided with an exclusive entity that would have held thespecial power to handle the concerns. Its step to endorse peace and security was of help to theinternational community as it assisted them in solving the most horrible disaster of the pastcentury and to prevent the dreads of a different war in the world.Third, most states are sensitive to the opinion of the United Nations concerning theiractions. This implies that the attention of the UN can actually end up to a positive outcome. Thisis clear during the 1960s and 1970s when the Security Council managed to preclude the growthof the conflict of the US-USSR. In the same years, there was a significant enlargement of the UNmembership, where the new born states that resulted from the decolonization process surrenderto their requests for acceptance to join the international security system. It showed that theyshared with the main objective of the United Nations of keeping peace and security despite thefact that they might have differed in their interests and objectives in terms of their social policies.Of course, this was an indispensible situation for the new born states, since they would have hadthe chance to focus on the interior practices of building the state and the nation because ofinternational stability.In essence, the UN did not only come up as an effective universal InternationalOrganization but also developed a medium to talk about some relevant problems like economicand monetary stability, equitable and sustainable development, among others. It was meant to“deliver to the people of the world a successful outcome” (Thakur, Ramesh and Weiss 2009,p.29). It was designed to meet this objective, which has also been proven to be crucial to intricatea mutual action to face global problems.Limitations and Challenges of the UN3
In spite of the UN being outstanding in its commitment to handle the internationalconcern, its system lately shows some relevant limitations and challenges, which inhibit itscapability to develop enough and become the synonym of the government of the world. Firstly,the UN reflects the realities of politics as it was during the Second World War in 1945 (Bose,2017). Basically, the traits of the world scenario after the Second World War included thedominance of the power system in the world by the traditional ones like France, Britain and newmonoliths like the former Soviet Union and the United States; having the Asia and Africa’s vastterritories remaining colonies; totally destructing the political and economic systems of power inJapan and Germany; among other characteristics.Secondly, the UN’s new contemporary global challenges are endangering itseffectiveness and solidity (Karns 2017, p.337). As an example, this is demonstrated in the spreadof security threats like the illicit arms trade and the transnational terrorism. These criteria haveemphasized limits of the action of the Security Council particularly the security system of theUnited Nations body to guarantee peace and international stability. In case threat arises from thenon-state actors that do not represent any political entity or are not connected to any particularterritory, it becomes difficult for the organization to demonstrate a proper plan that can preventthem (Villani, 2015). Most observers indicate that the security system of the UN has a maindeficiency since it lacks an international army. The initiators had initially intended to reinforce afighting structure that is directly controlled by the Security Council so that it successfullyimplements the common engagements of the military to reinstate peace. Nonetheless, the projectwas not successful because the Member states were reluctant in creating a common army. In thiscase, the UN military structure required an important financial commitment of the MemberStates, as well as, an outstanding destructive capacity unlike the national armies.4
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