The Effect Of Smart Home Technologies to Support Disabled

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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THEEFFECTOFSMARTHOMETECHNOLOGIESTOSUPPORTDISABLEDANDELDERLYPEOPLEINTHEUK
ACKNOWLEDGMENTThe present report is the significant reflection of the efforts made by various individualsand this is my responsibility to pay a humble gratitude for their time and efforts they have givento me. Firstly, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my advisor, Dr. .............. for thecontinuous support, his patience, motivation, and immense knowledge. His guidance helped mein all the time of research and writing of thankful to all the people who have given me supportand guidance for completing the dissertation. Finally, I must express my very profound gratitudeto my family, especially to my mother, brothers and to my husband for providing me withunfailing support and continuous encouragement throughout my years of study and through theprocess of researching and writing this dissertation. This accomplishment would not have beenpossible without them.
ABSTRACTSmart homes are homes with technologically advanced systems to enable domestic taskautomation, easier communication, and higher security. This concept has widely helped incontributing towards the well being of older people and also people with special needs. The aimof the present study is to analyse the effect of smart home technologies to support disabled andelderly people in the UK.The study has focused on determining the impact of smart hometechnologies of well being of elder and disabled people. It will also address the issue regardingfactors contributing is the growth of smart home technologies. It will determine the effect ofageing and disability on the country and the level to which the new technologies will help increating a positive impactfor smart care home.The overall research analysed that smart home technologies is an emerging and wellaccepted concept for the population of the country. People are widely accepting the services inorder to ensure safe and supportive living conditions. The smart home featured such asautomation, safety and support has helped in providing a convenient support to people. Theanalysis helped in analysing that there are many challenges faced by the industry to create adefinite market position for smart services. One of themanagers consideredanalysedthatacceptance is reluctant within old age and disabled population. Hence, training them to use theservices in an effective manner is a challenging task for the companies. Psychological barriersamong peopleareisalso a crucial challenge which may create a social impact on the acceptanceof the concept. This reveals that older people’s acceptance of assertive home-based technology isdependent on the complex relationships between cognitive, affective and emotional components.Hence, the companies must focus on providing cost effective and customised needs of the peoplein order toeffectivelyhelp in attaining their requirements.
TABLE OF CONTENTSRESEACH AIMS AND OBJECTIVES..........................................................................................1CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................21.1 Background of the study...................................................................................................21.2 Rationale of the study.......................................................................................................6CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW.........................................................................................72.1 Introduction......................................................................................................................72.2 Smart home concept.........................................................................................................72.3 Smart home Technologies................................................................................................92.4 Advantages associated with smart home concepts.........................................................122.5 Impact of smart home technology on older and disabled population.............................142.6 Factors contribution towards the growth of Smart homes in UK...................................152.7 Challenges in implementing smart home technologies for elderly people of UK........16CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY...........................................................................183.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................183.2 Research Approach........................................................................................................183.3 Research Philosophy......................................................................................................183.4 Research Design.............................................................................................................183.5 Data collection...............................................................................................................193.6 Sampling........................................................................................................................193.7 Data analysis...................................................................................................................203.8 Reliability and Validity..................................................................................................20CHAPTER 4: DATA ANALYSIS...............................................................................................214.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................214.2 Data analysis Questionnaire...........................................................................................214.3 Data analysis Interview..................................................................................................25CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION......................................................305.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................305.2 Conclusion......................................................................................................................305.3 Recommendation to government and companies providing smart home services.........31
REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................32APPENDIX....................................................................................................................................36A1. Disability information....................................................................................................36
RESEACH AIMS AND OBJECTIVESThe aim of the present study is to analyse the effect of smart home technologies tosupport disabled and elderly people in UK. In order to effectively attain the stated aim of theresearch following objectives will be addressed closely by the researcher:To review the theoretical perspective and concept of smart home technologies in the UK.To examine the impact of smart home technology onelderand disabled people.To evaluate the factors contributing the growth of smart home technologies in the UKTo analyse challenges faced bythe UKcountryin implementing smart hometechnologies fortheelderlypeople of the UK.RESEARCH QUESTIONSWhat are smart home technologies?What is the impact of smart home technologies of well being or elder and disabledpeople?What factors are contributing in the growth of smart home technologies?What are the challenges faced by country in implementing smart home technologies?1
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the studyAn elderly person according to legal terms is defined as someone with an age of 65 yearsor above (Hofmann, 2013). Medical development has effectively influenced human lives byprolonging life expectancy, thus creating an impact on the population level. The Agedemographic has dramatically changed over50 years time frame.In 1950s the life expectancyrate of a person was 48 which have now increased to 69 years. The aged population of the worldis continuously increasing and creating an impact on the economies (Suryadevara and et.al.,2012). Facts and findings in the field has shown that the ageing population has dramaticallyincreased in the last 30 years and is expected to grow by 50% by the year 2050 (Lotfi and et.al.,2012).2
Disability on the other hand is defined as a consequence of an impairment that may bephysical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of theseresulting in activity limitations or participation restrictions for an individual(Rosenberg, Kottorpand Nygård, 2012).11 million of the total UK population are suffering from long term illnesses,impairment or physical disability (Disability facts and figures.2015.), the most common impacthas been observed on the mobility and lifting and carrying activities for these people. This hasdeveloped a high demand for care services and support for these segments.Smart homes are homes with technologically advanced systems to enable domestic taskautomation, easier communication, and higher security (Alam, Reaz and Ali, 2012). This concepthas widely helped in contributing towards the well being of older people and also people withspecial needs (Rashidi and Mihailidis, 2013).According toHofmann (2013)Young andphysically fit people use this technology as a luxury however for old and disabled population it3Illustration1: Life expectancy rate,UK(Source: Röcker, 2012)
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