The Judicial System - PDF

Added on - 04 Oct 2020

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The Judicial System
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1Analyse UK court structure and the Jurisdiction of each court.............................................1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................2Compare and Contrast functions of Criminal and Civil Courts...........................................2TASK 3............................................................................................................................................3Assess the grounds and routes for appeal in both the civil and criminal courts.....................3TASK 4............................................................................................................................................3Role and function of legal personnel and evaluate aspect of fusion of legal profession........3Role and function of lay people and evaluate how it contributes to judicial system.............5TASK 5............................................................................................................................................6Evaluate at least two alternative method for settling legal disputes.......................................6Advantage and disadvantages of these methods in compare to going court.........................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................1
INTRODUCTIONJudiciary or Judicial system refers to branch of law that interprets and enforces the law inthe name of state and provides a mechanism for resolution of disputes.The report discussesabout structure of UK judicial system and the functions of Criminal and Civil courts.TASK 1Analyse UK court structure and the Jurisdiction of each court.In United Kingdom legal system is spilt into hierarchical structure that comprises ofdifferentforms of court assigned to address different matters.The legal system of England andWales compose of the following bodies and Jurisdiction of each court:Supreme Court of United Kingdom:It is the higher most body of civil judiciary in theUK and it deals with both cases of Criminal and Civil concern in England and Wales.The Constitutional Reform Act, 2005 made provision for the creation of a new SupremeCourt for UK.Court of Appeal and Civil Division:The Royal Court of Justice in London is spilt intotwo divisions the criminal and civil and deals only in Appeal cases. Court Of Appealconstitute as a part of Senior courts in England and Wales and it works below Supremecourt in UK.(Birch, 2013).The High Court of Justice:It is the most common civil court and deals with most civilcases.It serves as Civil Court of first request and a Criminal appellate court for the casesof subordinate courts. High Court ids divided into 3 benches i.e. Queen's Bench Division,Family and Chancery Division all the three sections deals with different cases andprovide justice according to cases they deal with.Country Courts:Jurisdiction of this court is purely based on Civil cases and it is operatedin 92 towns and cities across all of England Wales.Country Courts is responsible toundertake majority of legal action and cases which are related to civil mattersand judgeswhich provide decision under these cases includes District or Circuit Judges.Tribunals:It relates to the matter like; Immigration, employment, Child Welfare, etc.that occurs in England and Wales.In UK, separate tribunals are established for differentareas all across the UK.1
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