The National Health Services

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Running head: EQUALITY ACT 20101Equality Act 2010Student’s nameCourse codeLecturerInstitutionSubmission date
EQUALITY ACT 20102Task OneSection 1i.Social policy refers to policies that the government adopts in welfare as well as socialprotection of individuals within the state (Wadham, Ruebain, & Robinson, 2012). On the otherhand organizational policy refers to procedures, rules and guidelines that are adopted byorganizations in guiding their operations.An example of social policy in the united kingdom is the provision of universal health care to thecitizens through national health service(NHS).An example of organizational policy is the medical allowance offered by private hospital as amotivating factor to the employees.
EQUALITY ACT 20103ii.In the United Kingdom, it is the central government that directs the activities of the executivearm of the government and hence, it has direct influence on the welfare system.The welfare administration in the country has undergone two key reforms since it wasinitiated. The first phase since the second world war started in 1960s and the welfare planningwas adopted with an aim of controlling the public expenditure by the treasury (Wadham,Ruebain, & Robinson, 2012). The aim of this reform was to promote the efficiency in themanagement of social programs as well as economic planning. The plan was for thetreasury to allocate funds to departments and the role of the department was to allocate theseresources to the services. The second phase was in 1980s and 1990s that involved therestructuring of the civil service. The British social policy was based on the 1598 Poor Lawsthat continued till 1598 with the Elizabeth 1601 poor law providing for compulsory poor rate,provision of the overseers of relief and creating job opportunities for the poor. In 1942, theBeveridge report proposed a system that focused on national insurance in regards to familyallowances, national health and full employment. In 1979, restructuring occurred in Britainand the overreliance on out-dated industry was downplayed. The welfare of the state has beensignificantly enhanced. The equality act of 2010 not only protected employees but also otherindividuals in the society. Discriminating of people on the basis of poverty is illegal hencenecessitating the need to take care of the rights of the poor people in the country (Gov. UK,2015).
EQUALITY ACT 20104iii.There have been significant changes since 1906 in regards to the welfare changes. This liberalwelfare reforms formed the foundation of modern welfare in the country. The welfare wasextended for a period of forty years. The early social welfare was not triggered by the need totake care of the citizens but by the overriding need to calm social unrest in the country. Thisdeferred from the National assistance act of 1948 whose main focus was to enable the pooracquire basic needs of life. The National Health services were directed towards increased accessto health among the citizens as opposed to the previous acts that focused on other elements(Britpolitics, 2016).iv.The theory of post war consensus is used in explaining the development of consensusbetween 1945 and 1979. The consensus was developed by democratic principles. In spite ofthis there were sceptics of the post war consensus. Ideological divergence is related to theconflict in regards to the conflict over the origins of the NHS as well as difference amongindividuals in regards to the aspect of nationalism (The Guardian, 2012). The breakdown ofpost war consensus was also as a result of the implementation of Thatcherism in 1980s.Welfare was noted to reduce search of employment in the country resulting to reconsideration
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