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The Risk Management : Case Study

Added on - 24 Feb 2020

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CASES ANALYSIS2Case Study AnalysisCase study on risk: Salmonella case in FinlandIn the year 1995-2001, Finland experienced an outbreak of the Salmonella infection which ispassed on from poultry to humans. The contagious Salmonella bacterium transmits from theanimals themselves, their food, or the environment to which they are exposed (Wobeser, 2013).This case describes some of the risk management procedures that the government of Finlandundertook so as to monitor and curb the risk of human salmonella infections spread from poultry.Finland’s Ministry of Agriculture and Farming, the authority that is responsible for regulatingfood production in Finland, set up a National Salmonella Control Programme whose mandatewas to constrain the number of human salmonella infections acquired from food. Through theProgramme, there was removal from the production chain of breeding flocks that were detectedas being salmonella positive; there was also heat treatment of meat from broiler flocks that weresalmonella positive. The interventions made through the programme, though without any formalresearch, kept the prevalence of the disease at an acceptable level.The salmonella case has five major properties. The first is the application field which entailsthe prevalence of the salmonella bacterium in the poultry production chain and the transmissionto humans. The second is the decision maker in the management of the risk and that is the FinishMinistry of Agriculture and Poultry. The third is additional stakeholders: consumers, and poultryfarmers. The fourth property is the reason for undertaking the study; and it was the need toevaluate the implemented intervention program to examine its effect and appropriateness, as apolitical jurisdiction, and for research interest. The fifth aspect is the methodology used and theProgramme made use of the Bayesian probabilistic inference model, cost-benefit analysis, MonteCarlo simulation, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling. The intervention program to fight
CASES ANALYSIS3the salmonella infection outbreak and the risks it involved was evaluated by, and as demanded bythe Ministry, the Department of Risk Assessment at the National Veterinary and Food ResearchInstitute.The risk assessment model that was used in the broiler production chain to deal with the riskof salmonella constituted three parts: the Primary Production Inference Model, the SecondaryProduction Simulation Model, and the Consumption Inference Model (Laupland, 2009).After the assessment of the risk of human salmonella infections spread through broiler meat, thenext step was the managing the risk. The risk management process employed by the governmentof Finland through the relevant ministries involved six steps. The first step was identifying therisk, the salmonella infection and the monetary loss incurred by the broiler producers; the secondstep was evaluating the risk to gauge the probability of its transmission and prevalence, with andwithout the modelled intervention programme. Also, the consequences of the human salmonellainfections, and the cost-benefit analysis; development and evaluation of risk managementmethods which included removing of detected salmonella-positive breeding flocks, and heat-treating contaminated broiler meat. The other steps included making of risk managementdecision to continue with the intervention program; and finally the evaluation of the solutionsimplemented.As observed from the salmonella case, every poultry meat consumer is faced with the risk ofthe infection and the control to the risk mainly depends on the procedures employed at theproduction chain. The government of Finland, as well as the governments of other countriesshould ensure a safe and thoroughly inspected poultry production chain to eradicate the risk ofhuman salmonella infections. The combination of both flock removal and heating of
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