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Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care

   

Added on  2023-03-16

13 Pages3177 Words83 Views
Disease and DisordersNutrition and WellnessPublic and Global HealthHealthcare and Research
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ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN
HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care_1

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1
TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1
1.1 roles of different agencies in identifying levels of health and disease in communities........1
1.2 Epidemiology of infectious and non-infectious diseases .....................................................2
1.3 Effectiveness of different approaches and strategies to control the incidence of disease.....4
TASK 2............................................................................................................................................1
2.1 Current priorities and approaches to the provision of services for people with disease or
illness...........................................................................................................................................1
2.2 Relationship between the prevalence of disease and requirements of services to support
individuals within the health and social care provision..............................................................1
2.3 Current Lifestyle’s impact on Future Needs.........................................................................2
TASK 3............................................................................................................................................3
3.1 health and well being priorities for individuals in a particular health or social care setting.3
3.2 the effectiveness of strategies, systems and policies in a health or social care setting.........5
3.3 changes that could be made to improve the health and wellbeing of individuals.................5
3.4 activity to encourage behaviour change for maximising health............................................6
CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................6
REFERENCES................................................................................................................................6
Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care_2

INTRODUCTION
The following report includes the role of different agencies for identifying the different
levels of health and diseases in various communities. Various statistical data have been provided
along with the epidemiology of infectious as well as non infectious disease. It is also been known
about the effectiveness of various approaches and strategies fro the control of the incidence of
those diseases. Relationship between prevalences of diseases is also been discussed impact on
the current lifestyle as well as related choices.
TASK 1
Enclosed in brochure.
TASK 2
2.1 Current priorities and approaches to the provision of services for people with disease or
illness
There are several chronic diseases which are needed to be prevented, such as obesity,
cancer, diabetes, CVC etc. On the basis of basis of cited case situation death and illness related to
cardiovascular diseases are increasing with the very high pace. Hence, it is highly required for
the care units to take suitable measures for the prevention of such disease. Now, NHS is working
with Public Health England and laying emphasis on announcing a new drive for the prevention
of heart attacks and strokes. It is very crucial to search the priority in the diseases so that one can
take preventive measures to control the spread of these diseases.
HIV is a severe disease which has dangerous effects on the population of world.
Prevention of HIV should be considered as a priority settings of social care which can safeguard
people from this disease. Prevention is divided in the following steps:
Primary prevention
It is considered to be foremost preventive measure which is used to prevention people
from diseases through providing education to them about that illness and causes. There are two
types of programs which have been introduced and were CHAPs which was conducted to
prevent transmission of the disease by taking preventive measures while having intercourse.
NAHIP was introduced for mainly African communities which encourages a culture of safe
intercourse among them(Currie and et.al., 2009).
1
Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care_3

Secondary Prevention
It consists of screening and detecting various pathogens which act as the carrier for
diseases. Many health care programs have been introduced such as NHS which test the blood of
every pregnant women and if they are found to be infected then certain preventive measures are
introduced to them so that it can stop the transmission of disease to the infant.
Tertiary Prevention
This is known as the last step for taking prevention which aims to provide care to the
patients who suffers from chronic diseases, under this Palliative care which is given to such
patients. It is regarded as the medical and emotional care is providing to patients and their family
which results in improving the quality of life. It does not guarantee to provide complete cure but
relief is given from the illness (Baum, 2016). NHS has introduced certain efforts for the
palliative care for diseases such as HIV and cancer. They have done huge investment to provide
training at palliative care centres which therefore provides services to the ill people.
2.2 Relationship between the prevalence of disease and requirements of services to support
individuals within the health and social care provision
Prevalence is defined as the proportion of the total population which is affected by a
disease. It provides various information regarding the number of individual that faces illness
among them which are being studied. Information provides us an idea for plan regarding services
which are given for particular problem.
Determining rates of prevalences helps to support individuals who are in health and
social care centres for identifying needs related to health. It helps them to conduct programs that
can be implemented to prevent diseases. Certain epidemiological tools which are used for
providing information regarding any disease which facilitates in taking preventive measures. For
an example, if individuals of health care would have knowledge related to the root cause which
causes disease and having the data relevant of the areas where population is most prone to certain
diseases, then they would target that particular area(El Ansari and et.al., 2011).
The data related to the spread of diseases not only helps to make plans for he program but
also determines the need of proving education to the population that would prevent it from
several diseases.
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