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DD310 Counselling and forensic psychology

Added on - 22 Nov 2021

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Running Head:THE ROLE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL ISSUES
1
The Role of the Socio-cultural Issues of Race, Gender, Age, and Class in the Given Case
Study.
Name of the Student
Name of the Instructor
Course Code
University
Date
THE ROLE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL ISSUES2
Introduction
Crimes are growing in the recent times and the patterns of crimes are changing too. In
such a situation “Forensic psychology” has taken up a major space. This paper of ours tries to
show the ways in which human psychology is applied to criminal investigations. There are a
number of socio-cultural factors that would be addressed in the process. These factors have a
huge impact on the mental health of the individual’s convicted for a particular crime. In
addition to this, the paper aims to elaborate the socio-cultural aspects based on a particular
case study. The case that has been presented involves an individual named Ronald Bailey. It
is through the details of the case that we get to know Ronald and it provides us the
opportunity to study the impacts in a better fashion.
Socio-cultural Factors that have an Impact on the Case
Gender
It is gender that helps in deciding a number of factors when it comes to mental health.
Gender tends to become one of the most important socio-cultural factors when counseling is
thought of. The term gender is in itself quite dubious as it is about the way in which an
individual perceives the world.Reports have revealed that is UK 85% of the people who are
arrested is men. Other than this, 75% of this population are generally given a criminal
sentence and 95%of them do head for the prison (Vossler et al., 2017).In the case we have at
hand, Ronald Bailey have always associated himself with masculinity. Researches have
proven that men are more prone to committing violent crimes in comparison to women.
Studies have further revealed that this urge is due to the secretion of testosterone, a hormone
present in men (Lei et al., 2014). The crimes or a violent act that Ronald has committed gets
well acknowledged through the gender identity he possesses. As in the case we find Ronald
THE ROLE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL ISSUES3
say that the justice has been miscarried and he deserved it. It might be true as we as people do
have the habit of believing in stereotypes. As studies have shown that men commit more
serious crimes than women, our judgment gets immediately triggered by this identity. The
gender identity then becomes the driving force as it might have been in the case of Ronald.
Age
The growth years are really important as they play the most pivotal role when it
comes to shaping an individual’s future. Ronald, the one who has been convicted in the case
is just at the age of 23. There are a number of reasons that has brought him into the world of
crimes. Ronald has been brought up only by his mother. He has always stayed aloof and
isolated with his mother and sister. In addition to this he has seen violence at a very early age.
It has been his age that has provoked him to take to drugs and alcohol. At a very tender age
he had taken up the gang lifestyle and in order to keep his mental health intact he has often
harmed himself.Scholars have pointed out that people who are young are generally seen to
be affected by mental health issues like depression, anxiety and problems in their behavior
(Vossler et al., 2017).Age has played an important role in the development of his mental
health as he has judged every form of criminal activities from his own perspective. At the age
of 23, hitting a police officer has seemed to be a form of self-defense for Ronald but that
turned out to be a criminal activity. On the other hand Ronald is at such an age where
committing a crime is common. In such situations, when a crime is committed and people of
Ronald’s age are present, they become the prime suspect. There is a theory as we have
studied which caters specially to the pattern that is generally followed in this type of crimes
(Rocque, Posick & Hoyle, 2015).The history of last 10-20 years has shown a rise in the level
of violence committed by gangs of teenagers in the UK (Vossler et al., 2017).
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