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Exploring Criminal Justice Issues: Challenges and Reforms in the Australian System

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Added on  2023-04-26

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In this article we will discuss about criminal justice issues and below are the summaries point:-

  • The criminal justice system comprises three main components: law enforcement, the courts, and corrections.

  • Issues in the Australian criminal justice system have been raised, including the need for reform and addressing drawbacks.

  • Concerns include instances of police negligence, prison masculinities, and individuals being turned away due to system failures.

Exploring Criminal Justice Issues: Challenges and Reforms in the Australian System

   Added on 2023-04-26

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Criminal Justice Issues
Exploring Criminal Justice Issues: Challenges and Reforms in the Australian System_1
Criminal justice issues
Criminal justice can be described as the scheme through which offenses and criminals are
recognized, detained, judged, and penalized. The criminal justice scheme is comprised of
three fragments: law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. The three fragments of the
criminal justice effort sequentially (O’Malley, 2012). For illustration, once an offense has
been committed, regulation enforcement examines. Once a suspicious person is detained, the
law court takes over. Although police and detectives may offer testimony in a trial, it is really
the courts' show until a verdict is reached (Cunneen, and White, 2011). Formerly, if the
suspect is found guilty they are punished and turned over to alterations. Subsequently,
release, law enforcement formerly works in combination with a bail officer if additional
attention is obligatory. Australia has a total nine legal schemes, including eight State or
Territory structures and one central system. Most of the management of courts, the lawful
profession and lawmaking occur in the States and Regions. Criminal justice issues have been
raised in the past few decades in all over the world including Australia (Baldry, Clarence,
Dowse, and Trollor, 2013). In this particular essay assessment of spectacular representation
of criminal justice issues will be discussed with a contemporary example.
There are some issues has been raised by different people or experts about the drawbacks of
Australian criminal justice system. A report published by Brown, Tyson, and Arias (2018) on
when parents kill children, supported the fact that the criminal justice system has different
lacks that need to be reformed. An incident happened in western Sidney on 4th July 1989
where an argument developed in a drinks night. A loud young person and many friends
opposed to some action by a minor and very drunk adolescent. He was enclosed and
surrounded by a threatening crowd of men that comprised bystanders and some laughing
bouncers. While not observing he was beaten to the head, fell stunned into a solid wall and
Exploring Criminal Justice Issues: Challenges and Reforms in the Australian System_2
bled abundantly from the wound. One way or another target tripped back to the entrance of
the place to dean up. Finally a abstemious friend of the target appeared from inside. In
nervousness he headed towards a police vehicle slowly watching nearby with cops dearly
watching the proceedings from nearly 30 metres away. They rapidly accelerated the engine
and ran off leaving him without help on the road. Fortunately, the victim and his friend got
their own cab and runaway (Tomsen, and Wadds, 2016).
Another issue has been raised by Maycock, and Hunt (2018) is prison masculinities. Over-
representation of males in jail has long been recognized, their sexual category has
characteristically been ‘backgrounded’. Assumed the interpersonal character of sex and the
homosocial and powerfully hierarchical environment of the custodial, the study of jail gender
characters holds promise in building unique hypothetical and empirical assistances to gender
studies, criminology and activist plans (Maycock, and Hunt, 2018).
According to a report published by McLeod (2017) in ABC News, nearly 160000 individuals
turned away due to criminal justice failing. Tens of thousands of those who require help most
are sliding through the crashes of the Australian justice system each year. Australians
fronting complex communal and economic defies encounter more severe legal issues,
classically including relations with government organizations, the health organization, and
customer issues and strengthening debt (Joudo-Larsen, 2014). Yet deprived of the means to
pay for legal advice most of these problems are left to slip. Twenty years of stable cuts to the
legal-help sector mean that open advice is more solid and harder to admittance. Public legal
centers are spinning away 160,000 persons a year due to an absence of capability, while a
supplementary 10,000 persons a year are fronting the courts without help because of cutbacks
(McLeod, 2017).
Exploring Criminal Justice Issues: Challenges and Reforms in the Australian System_3
As a society people receive that fairness before the regulation and admittance to justice are
important to the regulation of law, which in turn reinforces the feature of the economy and
civilization (Joudo-Larsen, 2014). Yet people have observed as an individual's official right
to pursue justice has been extracted useless as that individual's efficacious access to lawful
remedy has battered. The Australian lawful profession has contrived for years to diminish this
crisis by functioning for free (Joudo-Larsen, 2014).
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals have a multifaceted relationship with
Australian criminal justice structure. They are over-exemplified in custody and also over-
signified as targets of offense (Cunneen, 2006). Problems arise between Aboriginal
individuals and the police department and there are other issues that arise when Aboriginal
criminals appear before the law court and are condemned (Allard, Stewart, Chrzanowski,
Ogilvie, Birks, and Little, 2010). The Royal Command into Aboriginal Expiries in
Custody was recognized in 1987. It stated to the Central Legislature in 1991. From the initial
1980s there had been a numeral of expiries in police and jail custody that caused anxiety
about the system Aboriginal individuals were treated by the police department and while in
jail (Allard et al., 2010).
An important discovery of the Royal Commission was that the great number of Aboriginal
expiries in custody was openly associated with the over-depiction of Aboriginal persons in
jail. That is, they expired at the similar rate as non-Aboriginal convicts but as there were
several Aboriginal individuals in keeping, the number was greater. Though, in examining the
expiries that fell within the relations of reference of the Royal Commission, miscarriage by
custodial establishments to exercise an appropriate duty of upkeep was exposed (Jeffries, and
Bond, 2009).
Exploring Criminal Justice Issues: Challenges and Reforms in the Australian System_4

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