Theatre of the Absurd - PDF

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Drama of the Absurd
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1
Historical context............................................................................................................................1
Play structure..................................................................................................................................2
Dramatic purpose.............................................................................................................................2
Language..........................................................................................................................................3
Character.........................................................................................................................................3
CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................3
REFERENCES...............................................................................................................................4
INTRODUCTION
Drama of the absurd refers to a term developed by Marlin Esslin a Hungarian born critic
in his book the Theatre of the absurd that is related to a specific kind of play that became popular
during 1950s and 1960s. It was demonstrated the philosophy on stage articulated by French
philosopher Albert Camus in the year 1942. On the other hand realism in dramas was a general
movement in the 19thcentury It created a set of theatrical and dramatic conventions with the
objective of bringing a higher accuracy of real life to performances and text. Realism has been
opposed by many dramatists due to lack of ideas and creativity which can be presented on stage
by artists in these types of dramas. Absurdist dramatists believe that existence of humans is
absurd as they are born without seeking to be born and die without seeking death. This type of
drama refers to a a type of act the emphasizes the absurdity of human existence by employing
repetitious, disjointed and meaningless dialogue, confusing and propose less situations & plots
that lack logical or realistic development. Realism drama is one in which artist talk and move in
a way similar to that of everyday behaviour.
This essay is related to two popular drama or plays, “ The Room by Harold Pinter” & “
Deathwatch by Jean Genet”. Pinter's first played was The Room that consists many features that
were going to become his hallmark (Pinter, 2013).Drama was set in a single small room, the
characters were secure and warm but threatened by death and cold. This play was symbolic
overtly more than Peter's later acts but the characters and settings were realistic. In this play
Pinter effectively attain symbolic resonance at along with maintaining a naturalistic surface. On
the other hand many critics have stated that Deathwatch represent an inversionof Christianity,
so that evil rather that good is worshipped as the superior value. This play embodies a
theological statement ina modern context. However, ostensibly and hedonistic amoral the play
nevertheless approach religious ritual and can be effectively understood as scared drama through
which deepest feelings of the audience are aroused by sharing in the theatrical ceremony. The
absurd and realism plays or theatre will be discussed on the basis of similarities and differences
between the two popular dramas Deathwatch and The Room.
Historical context
Drama of the Absurd refers to dramatic works of various American and European
dramatists of the 1950s & 1960s who agreed with the assessment of philosopher Albert Camus in
his essay The Myth of Sisyphus. It implies that the situation of humans is essentially absurd
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