Theories of Development - PDF

Added on - Dec 2020

Trusted by 2+ million users,
1000+ happy students everyday
Showing pages 1 to 4 of 17 pages
ChildandYoung Counselling
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1PART 1...........................................................................................................................................1Critical evaluation of the contribution of developmental theories provided..........................1PART 2............................................................................................................................................4Discussion of implications of a young client’s attachment style provided............................4PART 3...........................................................................................................................................6Conceptualise the case by applying development theory......................................................6Description of how the application of this developmental theory helps in treatment..........6
INTRODUCTIONCounselling refers to professional assistance and guidanceto resolvepersonal orpsychological problems. It includes therapist advices, exercise or activities that to be done inorder to resolve the matter or issues. The report discusses about different attachment style and itsimplications. It discusses critical evaluation of development theories in context to case study.PART 1Critical evaluation of the contribution of developmental theories provided.Developmenttheories refer toacollection of philosophies that states about desirablechange in society andthebest way to achieve it(Erik Erikson's Stages of PsychosocialDevelopment. 2018). They draw attention of peopleto avariety of social science, disciplines andapproaches (Scholnick, 2013). There are three forms of development theory which is beendivided into Emotional, Cognitive and Moral Category. According toScholnick, 2013thesetheories are developed bydevelopmental theoristswhich are; Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget andLawrence Kohlberg,Freud's PsychosexuaDevelopmental Theory and many more.Emotional Theory:Erik is one of the famous psychologistwho developed one of the most popular andinfluential theories of development. According toScholnick, 2013Erikson's has formed thistheory in a chronological order in which scholar unfold various aspects which lead topsychosocial development. The stages include:fold various aspects which lead to pshycosocialdevelopment(Ife, 2012).The stages include:Trust vs Mistrust:This period is concerned with infancy through the first one or twoyears of life. Qualities of trust developed in a child is through; nurturing, handling andloving him/her.Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt:It takes place during early childhoodwhich is normallybetween age of 4-8. Those children whomeet the development crisisare tends to feelmore secure and confident (Mahony, Klimchak and Morrell (2012) .Initiative vs Guilt:It take place during pre-school years and to children who aresuccessful at this stage and feel capable and able to lead others.Inferiority vs Industry:At this stage children between age of 6- 12 can developinferiority complex. Successfully management by parents at this stage leads to strength
known as competence, in which children develop a belief over their abilities to handletasks set before them (Ife, 2012).
Desklib Logo
You are reading a preview
Upload your documents to download or

Become a Desklib member to get access