Nursing Theories and Practices

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: NURSING- THEORIES AND PRACTICESNURSING- THEORIES AND PRACTICESName of the studentName of the universityAuthor note
1NURSING- THEORIES AND PRACTICESIntroductionNursing in a broader sense deals with the protection promotion and the optimization ofthe health. It involves the preventive activities relating to illnesses and injuries suffered by aperson. The nursing is the management of the health issues in a way, which facilitates healing,and recovery of the illness and the problems relating to the health faced by the people.Globalization has posed a major threat to the lives of the people and therefore nursing practiceshad to undergo certain changes in this century. It involves the management of the health issuesfaced by the individuals, families and communities. The practices help in making the life of theindividuals sustainable through the continuous efforts and care.In this context, nursing is being judged based on the models and theorems that are beingproposed for the better functioning of the practices. The practices are being formulated as per therequirements of the society and thereby it helps in determining the major functions undertakenby the nurses (McCormack, Manley and Titchen 2013). The applicability of the services as perthe requirements of the models is based on the common criteria of the requirements of theclients. The requirements of the clients and the health issues faced by the people influences theapproach that is being undertaken by the nurses. in order to adhere to the interests of the clients,the nurses are required to adhere to the models that will be enumerated in the report (Alligood2013).The Systems modelofNeumanprovides a system based approach to nursing whichincludes flexibility in its operations. The flexibility of the nursing activities helps in undertakingthe efficient course of action. It helps the individuals in undertaking the best possible practicebased on the requirements of the health care (Im and Ju Chang 2012). It inhibits the primarysecondary and the tertiary nursing practices based on the maintenance of the patient. On the other
2NURSING- THEORIES AND PRACTICEShand,Self-care deficit theoryof nursing prepared byOremis based on the concept ofdeveloping the nursing practices and monitoring over the quality of the services that are beingdelivered by the nurses on the same. The most important consideration undertaken by the modelis based on the wide range of requirements of the patients (Masters 2014). It stresses more on thequality of the services rendered by the nurses. The wide acceptance of the theory makes it moreconvenient to adopt in the circumstances of the crisis.The discussion aims at understanding the theories and the manner in which are applied onthe issues in order to solve them. The most important consideration that is being undertakenwhile evaluating the principles is based on the criteria of the outcomes of the practices. Thepractices help in sustaining the life of the patients (Smith and Parker 2015). Determining theneeds of the patients and application of the theories based on the requirements is the importantdecision that the nurses are required to take. The diversity in the modern world have resulted toseveral health related issues (Masters 2015). Nursing helps in enumerating the issues and solvethem according to the requirements of the health care needs of the patients. The purpose ofundertaking this discussion is to underline the important limitations and benefits of the theoriesand the applicability of the theories in the health related problems faced by the patients. Thediscussion also includes a case study, which enumerates the credentials of the theories, and themodels involved in nursing.Theories of NursingThe models that are being enumerated are based on the practices that are beingundertaken in order to resolve the health related issues of the patients. The management of theissues is being based on the principles of nursing (Rich 2013). The aim of the theories and the
3NURSING- THEORIES AND PRACTICESmodels is to enhance the effectiveness of the actions taken by the individuals based on the healthrelated requirements of the patients. The basics of nursing is based on the principles that arebeing enumerated by Orem and Neuman in addition to the classic principles formulated byNightingale. The transition of the principles took place based on the requirements of thecircumstances that are being faced by the people at that time. The most interesting fact is that themodels and theories are still applicable, even in this modernized world (Alligood 2014). Theremight be certain modifications in the practices undertaken then and now, but the basics remainedthe same. This section of the discussion will be focusing on the principles and theories ofnursing that are being enumerated in order to make the nursing services more efficient. Thediscussion will also include the limitations and the benefits of the applicability of the theoriesand enumerate the circumstances at which they are better applicable.Theory 1 - Orem’s Self-Care Deficit TheoryThe major assumptions of Orem’s self-care deficit theory are based on the responsibilityof the patient and the family members other than the healthcare professionals. It includescommunication as nursing is a practice based on the interaction between the patient and thenurse. The patient communicates the issues to the nurse, and the nurse communicates to thepatient on the problems faced by the patient. It is a profession, which requires integrationbetween the nurse and the patient. The theory by Orem comprises of three interrelated parts,which helps in the understanding of the health related issues faced by the people. The theory ofself-care, the theory ofself-care deficitand thetheory of nursing systemare the parts onwhich the theory proposed by Orem is established (Grove, Burns and Gray 2012). According tothe self-care system, Orem outlined the essentials for the individuals to undertake the care fortheir own self (Refer to Appendice 1). Therefore, self-care is the first step to nursing. It includes
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