The Theory of Ecological Modernization
Added on - 01 May 2020
Running Head: SOCIOLOGYSociologyStudent NameCourse Code
1SOCIOLOGYIntroductionPoverty has grown to become a world epidemic affecting environment and its factors andnegative way. In recent years many sociological scientist have opined that poverty has causedgreat environmental damage. The following essay is comprised of at first ecologicalmodernization in which the changes in technology and their impact on the climate andenvironment have been discussed in details. In the second part the factors of poverty which havebeen caused by the change in environment have been discussed and examples have beenillustrated in support of the theory. Third part of the essay contains the sociological problem ofpoverty caused due to different reasons and how it affects people all around the globe. To end ofthe discussion in the essay reduction methods of poverty and how poverty can be dealt withproper methods of mitigation have been discussed. The following essay is a holistic discussionabout poverty and its environmental causes.Ecological ModernizationThe theory of Ecological Modernization came into existence in 1980 and was coined bynumber of sociological scientist of Netherlands, Germany and United Kingdom (Berkes, 2017).The first definition of the Ecological Modernization Theory was stated to be the technologicalmodifications in the mode of production and the environmental changes(Ewing, 2017). Therewas an attitude of criticism towards the bureaucracy of the state which has promoted thismodernization. It depended on the favorable attitude towards the environmental reforms and theactors of market which supported the genesis of those reforms. But the actual concept ofEcological Modernization is based to create a sustainable approach to tackle the environmentalissues with the key factors being the science and its technological advancements(Chandrashekeranet at al., 2017).
2SOCIOLOGYThe evolution of industrialized civilization concerning an environmentally balancedsociety of manufacture, constructed upon the concept of a transformed connection between theeconomy and ecosystem. In place of the strong ecological hold of fundamental reformation ofsociety, ecological modernization has more to do with “robust” varieties of sustainability inwhich it contains a procedure of the advanced modernization of the establishments ofcontemporary society, as differentiated to their annihilation or destruction (Ewing, 2017).Thereare three main concepts which has brought the Ecological Modernization into limelight arereformation of consumption and production to achieve the goals pf ecology(Chandrashekeranetat., 2017). This will be achieved by diffusing and infusing the clean technological methods forproduction and separating the economic development factors from the use of resources andemissions caused by the industrial production. The second one is making the ecologyeconomically profitable. Stakeholders should need to understand the economic value of theenvironment. And the last one is incorporating the policies of environmental goals into othermanufacturing policies (Garchitorenaet et al., 2017).Environment Factors of PovertyEnvironment plays a vital role in the lives of people located in any part of the world. It isthe major source of food and energy for people and without proper environmental balance in thecountry there will be a state of poverty, depravity and malnourishment which many countries areprone toFor example, in Bangladesh there is a problem of drinking water caused by the textileindustrial waste which contains harmful chemicals. Their outlet is in the ponds and rivers fromwhich the entire Bangladesh gets its drinking water. Whereas Vietnam has been prone to war foralmost 50 years in which chemical weapons were used. This has destroyed the soil quality of theVietnamese forests and also the quality of air. People have been majorly affected due to lack of
3SOCIOLOGYresources of food which has made them poor.Indefinite use of natural resources and establishinghuge industries and factories harm the environment of a place actively and passively (Gibbsetal.,2017). The industrial owners knowingly exploit these environmental fodder to maximizetheir profits but they ignore the ecological consequences which the native people of that placehave to face(Kohler & Brondizio, 2017).Industries who do not comply with the environmental standards of emission and use ofmaterials for their production tend to degrade the ecology of a country. It destroys the diversityof ecology of a place which is the basic tool to produce food and fodder for the livestock.Harmful gaseous emissions from the factories increase the pollution of a place which in turndegrades the quality of air and negatively impact other ecological factors. In the Africancountries where the land is not fertile to grow basic food items there is unfathomable state ofpoverty and people do not have food to eat and clean water to drink (Isaksson, 2017). This statehas been a result of the environmental degradation caused by the industriesfor example,BurkinaFaso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger. There are many environmental factors which leads topoverty and those factors are discussed below.Air Pollution:Presence of harmful gases in the atmosphere degrade the environment andecological health. Due to this reason there is no proper rainy season which is a dire need forfarming and agriculture which is required to grow staple food items to feed the people of acountry and the livestock.These problems are majorly seen in Afghanistan, Iran, Egypt andQatar. This creates a huge problem of poverty as the food items which they have to but are soldat higher rates which they cannot afford (Kohler & Brondizio, 2017).Soil Pollution:Due to degraded quality of soil, people are not able to produce items which canbe sold in the market and can be traded to different countries. The small amount of grains and