Threat to Democracy Assignment

Added on - 30 Oct 2019

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Threat to Democracy1THREAT TO DEMOCRACYby (Name):Course:Tutor:College:City/State:Date:
Threat to Democracy2The question: “It is not military coups but democratically elected leaders that pose thegreatest threat to democracy today." DiscussIntroductionIn the 20thcentury, democracy was touted as the best and the most popular politicalidea ever conceived. The fundamental desire for rules-based democracy has been a greatmotivation to many people around the world to stand up against corrupt and autocraticregimes. According toOttaway (2013), democracies in most parts of the world are relativelymore developed compared to non-democracies, more peaceful and less corrupt. This isbecause in most democratic states, citizens have more rights to freely speak their minds andshape their own futures and that of their children’s.This clearly explain why most people admire democracy and are prepared to riskeverything to ensure that only democratic institutions prevail. AsHyslop-Margison andThayer (2009), the will of the people should form the basis of authority of any regime in ademocratic system. Military coups were perceived to be the greatest threat to democracy.However, democracy is currently facing a new form of threat, and is slowly dwindling inmost parts of the world. According toKaltwasser (2012), the rise of elected autocrats who arecrushing political freedoms threatens the very principles that defines democracy. Take forinstance the former administration of President Viktor Yanukovych who transformed Ukraineinto an autocracy with his kleptomaniac leadership style, but was again re-elected in 2010(Haran, 2011).According toZhao (2010), setting up a democratic regime is not as easy as topplingan autocrat. Perhaps the rise of communist China that is relatively tyrannical can be attributedto the ailing global democracy. Yet just a few decades ago, democracy had assumed so muchcontrol of the world dominating the very precept of governance. Therefore, this essayanalytically explores how democratically elected leaders threatens the existence of
Threat to Democracy3democracy. Moreover, different case study examples of countries such as Rwanda, Ukraine,Kenya, U.S and Egypt are sparingly provided.Understanding the concept of democracyAccording to John Stuart Mill,democracy emanatesfromthesociety and is a formofgovernance that is basically centred on the governed (Hamburger, 2001). Mill further arguethat nourishing democracy can be challenging due to the existence of self-serving leaderswho are mostly elected by the people. Undeniably, producing a sustainable democracy isincreasingly becoming an overwhelming task. According toOttaway (2013), the globaladvance of democracy is on serious decline with many republics sliding towards autocracywhile maintaining a public perception of democracy through holding elections.For example, in Uganda, elections are used to sustain the country’s global appearanceof democracy, however, the people and institutions have suppressed rights (Narayan, Narayanand Smyth, 2011). Undoubtedly, the fragility of democracy is becoming more paramountgiven the dwindling faith in this system of governance. Critics of democracy gives variousreasons why it is losing its forward momentum. Key among the reasons is the rise ofdemocratically elected autocrats who do not subscribe to the principles that governs afunctioning democratic system (Medvic, 2013).The rise of China and the influence on democratically elected leadersIn addition, according toBell (2016), the rise of China is encouraging democraticallyelected leaders to implement the Chinese model of governance that stresses on tight control toattain economic progress. Critics of democracy point that the Chinese communist model ismore efficient and is slowly breaking the monopoly of democracy. Most democraticallyelected autocrats borrow heavily from the Chinese system, and argue that democracy isinstitutionalizing gridlocks and trivializing decision-making. According toZhao (2010), mostdemocratically elected leaders are taking the Chinese model seriously. They are slowly
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