TitleMake sure you give a title for the lab report. The title should be between 10 and 15 wordsInclude IVs and DVCentered horizontally on upper half of pageAbstractThe Abstract should not contain any information that is not included in the actual paper. Moreover, information in the Abstract should be consistent with information that is included in the body of the report. Abstracts should be concise, specific, and self-explanatoryBetween 120 and 250 wordsIntroductionDo not start the introduction with a description of your study. Go from general to specific.The introduction should be approximately 500-600 wordsOnly include research and theories that are relevant to your own study.There is no need to justify the importance of research on attitude change. Instead, justify the importance of studying attitude change of your topic (e.g., healthy eating). Or justify the research by identifying a gap in the literatureInclude a greater depth of discussion of relevant theories and research (the IV’s, ELM) –be evaluative rather than descriptive Ensure that your hypotheses are clear. Your hypothesis could be in describing a maineffect (of the IVs – communicator expertise / message sidedness) OR predicting aninteraction between these variables – for example, that the expert message will havemore influence when presented in a two sided message.When referring to your study, refer to it as the ‘present study’. Please use paragraphs to write the introduction Do not state the null hypothesis in the introduction. You can assume that the reader knows what a null hypothesis is and is aware that you have one.Sometimes information was presented in the Introduction but was not referencedDo not use secondary referencesDon’t include the title of books in the introduction
MethodOverall errors made in this section were:Use the term ‘Method’ not ‘Methodology’Place the content in the right place oe.g., some students placed the type of the analysis in the Design- this goes in the Results section;odo not provide examples of items in the procedure section- this goes in the Materials section; osome students discussed the assumptions of the ANOVA in the Method section- this goes in the Results sectionDivide Method into its sub-sections:MethodDesign Participants Materials Procedure Design:In this sub-section you need to state: The type of design you used (between subjects)The independent variables including the conditions you selected to represent differentlevels of the IV: e.g., expertise (non-expert, expert) and message (one-sided, two-sided). Do not call the IV’s, IV1 and IV2 in the lab report or in your SPSS files. oAll the meaningful names that other students have given them are fine, so for example some have called the first IV professional/communicator type etc andIV2 bias/message argument/message type etc.The dependent variable including details of the units of measurement used. e.g., attitude towards healthy-eating, which was measured using a seven-point semantic differential scale (SDS) or a seven point Likert scale. Please give a reference for the scale used.How many groups were there? (4: one-sided message from an expert, one-sided message from a non-expert, two-sided message from an expert, two-sided message from a non-expert)
Errors that people made in this subsection:There were not 4 IVs Do not mention ANOVA at all – this goes in the Results sectionYou do not need Tables for participants’ allocation to conditionsEnsure IVs are understood and labelled correctly (e.g. argument type, communicator expertise). Provide details of the response format for the dependent variableUse more meaningful terms when describing groups and conditions. For example some students have called them condition 1, condition 2 etc. This is vague. Ensure to mention that participants were randomly assigned to groups (some specified participants were allocated to condition according to the time that they participated in the study)A lot of people have spelt Likert incorrectly – proof read your workThis final point is not necessarily an error, it has more to do with style, butyou need to use this type of style : Half the participants were read the wordsaloud, and half were presented with the words singly on a computer screen. Halfthe participants in each modality group, were tested in the morning, and halfwere tested in the evening. This was followed by a three minute distractor task,after which all participants were given five minutes to freely recall as many of thewords as they could.’If you can do not directly stated the IV and DV. Again this is not an error, but in order to get top marks, you need to emulate published work.Participants Do not use too many words on the Participants sub-section Only include demographic information such as age and gender if it was important to your study or if you are going to mention it in the Discussion (one group that I have spoken to were thinking of discussing age as a factor as to why their results were all non-sig- however this is because their topic might have been specific to age factors). Furthermore, do not say demographics were not collected, e.g., someone put’ The participants’ demographics were not necessary and so were not collected.’ Briefly describe how participants were sampled (Note. Random sampling is different from convenience sampling!). None of you used random sampling as you all used students. Provide a reference for your sampling method.
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