Gender, Sex Differences, Doping in Athletic Performance (Doc)

Added on -2021-02-21

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Topic: Is there a difference between males and females and their likelihood of doping?IntroductionDoping is a use of drugs in order to enhance the performance of a person in sports relatedactivities. Doping is considered as unethical as well as banned and prohibited by all the sportscommittees in the world. Various sport authorities have banned the use of doping as in order toconsider the health issues in order to enhance the performance, provide fair and equal treatmentto all the athletes as well as providing them equal opportunities and fair competition and alsomake the sport drug-free for the people. Various Doping tests are being used by the Anti-doping authorities which include theurine test sample of the athlete and the test is made and determined whether the test is positive ornegative. Most of the doping activities were found in the physical sports such as Rugby, Cycling,Soccer and Basketball. Mostly male players were found initiating the doping activities in thesegames. The amount of female athletes was also not less in the games such as volleyball andHandball in order to deliver the high performance as well as to increase the stamina to performaccordingly. The athletes consuming dietary supplements at their young age were found to be inthe highest risk of doping behaviour. Doping corrupts and spoils the image and the value of the sport. However the use ofdoping can be avoided by providing the essential knowledge on sport nutrition and diet, this willreduce the tendency of doping in both male and female athletes. This report will study the survey of the difference between the male and femalelikelihood of doping. The report will also include entire process of research which will becollection of the data for the topic, study and analysis of the data using various methods in orderto find out solution to the question. The report will also highlight the results of whether there is adifference between male and female in the amount of doping, it will be done through the T-Testhypothesis testing in order to pursue the results. Further the report will discuss and review theresults and outcomes of the research in order to arrive at the appropriate conclusion. Research objective
The aim behind conducting present study is to assess the doping likelihood of males andfemales. Research question Does significant difference takes place in doping likelihood of males and females?Methods Research type: In order to assess doping likelihood of males and females quantitativeresearch type has been selected. The reason behind this, quantitative research assists inexhibiting clear view of issue by placing emphasis on the evaluation of numeric figures.Referring such research type deductive approach and positivism philosophy has been used (Yuand Liao, 2016). On the basis of selected approach hypothesis has been tested or evaluated bytaking into account existing theoretical framework. Furthermore, as per positivism philosophystatistical tools have been applied for assessing outcome from gathered data set. Data collection: In research, data collection is highly significant for presenting thereliable view of study (Thuries and Gillet, 2016). In this, to evaluate doping likelihood in thecontext of both males and females data has been gathered from both primary and secondarysources. With regards to primary data, survey has been conducted, via questionnaire, on 179athletes. By including questions in relation to age, gender, sport type, years of competing, perweek hourly training, doping likelihood and supplements Participants or sample: For sample selection simile random sampling technique has beenused. Referring such technique 179 respondents have been selected from the concernedpopulation. Hence, with the motive to present appropriate view of study both males and femalesare included in survey. H Data analysis: in order to analyse gathered data set quantitative (SPSS) tools have beenapplied. For testing concerned hypothesis in relation to making assessing of doing likelihood ofmales and females t test technique has been applied. The rationale behind selection of t test isthat it helps in comparing mean between two unrelated groups with regards to same continuousvariable. Accordingly, in this, doping likelihood is tested in against to independent variable suchas gender. Dependent variable in data set such as gender has two groups namely male & female.
Thus, using this test difference in thee mean value males and female’s doping likelihood hasbeen evaluated. Ethical consideration: For enhancing reliability and meet ethical aspects priorpermission from selected respondents have been taken. This is turn shows that participation ofrespondents is voluntary and they are not compelled for the same. Further, references have alsobeen added which in turn shows that work is completely new rather than copied. Results Null hypothesis: There is no significant difference in the mean value of male and female’slikelihood pertaining to doping.Alternative hypothesis: There is a significant difference in the mean value of male and female’slikelihood pertaining to doping.T-TestGroupStatisticsGenderNMeanStd. DeviationStd. Error MeanDoping LikelihoodMale1313.58022.10842.18421Female483.27081.98655.28673IndependentSamples Test

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