The Kashmir Dispute - Assignment

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TOPICTHE KASHMIR DISPUTEResearch Question –How has the Kashmir Dispute bedeviled the relations between India andPakistan since 1947?Introduction –This research paper seeks to examine the Kashmir Dispute. It is not just adispute between the two countries – India and Pakistan. This issue has external and internaldimensions. It involves the issue of Kashmiri identity known as Kashmiriyat and the aspirationsof people of J&K for political autonomy. The perceptions of India and Pakistan are totallydifferent on this dispute. Pakistan regards it as an unfinished agenda of Partition of thesubcontinent and thinks of it as an issue granting the right of self determination to Kashmiris, aprinciple subsequently upheld by the UN security Council resolution. India, on the other hand,regards it as an integral part of India and that Pakistan is occupying Indian territory. Thepromise made by the first Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, which is also envisaged inthe Instrument of Accession of 1947, to let Kashmiris decide their future through a Plebiscitestill eludes Kashmir. Leaders of India and Pakistan are fighting for their socio- economic benefitsand also for their ideology, India as a secular state and Pakistan as a Muslim state, which hascaused defilement to Kashmiri’s rights.Main Body –The research paper is divided into basically four parts. Part1(3rdCentury BC-1947)deals with the geocultural perspective of Jammu and Kashmir and Kashmir underMughals, Afghans, Sikhs and Dogras. Part2(1947)deals with the conditions that compelledMaharaja Hari Singh, the then ruler of Jammu and Kashmir to sign the Instrument of Accessionwith India and the special status provided to J&K under Indian Constitution. Part3(1947-July,2019)deals with the Hari Singh- Sheikh Abdullah rift and the Centre, Regional Divergence withinJ&K, 1965 war with Pakistan and Constitutional Integration and Re federalization of J&K. Part4(post August, 2019) deals with the recent developments (specifically emphasising on theabrogation of Article 370 and 35A that provided special status to Jammu and Kashmir and itsaftermath). It also provides the possible solutions for ending the Kashmir dispute.Conclusion –In the past few decades, the Kashmir issue has changed from a relatively simpleterritorial dispute to a far more complex cultural, religious and political issue having globalimplications . Any solution simply resolving the territorial dispute would be inadequate.Therefore, it is necessary that the problem also be dealt with on its religious, cultural, socialfronts. So, from my viewpoint, India must keep an open mind towards a regional plebiscite,bilateral talks , controlling misuse of power, minimizing armed forces and restoringfundamental rights of people of J&K.
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