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1TOPIC:WHY OUR SCREENS MAKE US LESS HAPPY1.How does the speaker gain the attention and interest of the audience? Giveexamples.At the beginning of the speech, the speaker gains the attention and interest of theaudience by relating the topic to the audience. The speaker started the speech with arumor as bait to arouse the audience’s interest and related the topic with the audience.In the video (00:04), the speaker began with“A few years ago I heard an interestingrumor. Apparently, the head of a large pet food company would go into the annualshareholder’s meeting with can of dog food. And he would eat the can of dog food.”By using vivid language to describe the rumors he heard years ago, the speakerensured the attention of the audience.Furthermore, the speaker is arousing the curiosity of the audience. The speakerarouses the audience’s curiosity about the topic by using fascinating statements. Inhis speech (00:51),“Steve Jobs’ children have not used the iPad and limit how muchtechnology his children use at home.”and in the speech (01:31),“The WaldorfSchool of the Peninsula did not introduce screens until the eighth grade, and 75% ofthe children who went there have parents who are high-level Silicon Valley techexecs.”, these two statements help to gradually raise the audience’s curiosity aboutthe topic of the speech by creating the suspense “why the technologists restrict theirchildren from using the screen”.Moreover, the speaker gains the attention and interest of the audience by statingthe importance of the topic. Through the importance of the topic, the speaker tells hisaudience why they should think the same way. In his speech (03:20), the speakertalked about how much time people spent in their personal time in front of the screen,which emphasized the importance of his topic and attracted the attention of theaudience. Besides, the speaker also uses visual aids to attract the audience’s attentionand interest. The video (03:28) shows the speaker using a horizontal bar chart tocompare the statistical trends of people’s personal time spent in front of the screen in2007, 2015 and 2017.The speaker also gains the attention and interest of the audience by questioningthe audience. By asking rhetorical questions, the speaker makes the audience thinkabout his speech. In the video (04:10),“What goes on during that time?”,“How
2enriching are the apps that we’re using?”and“Tell us how you feel right now”,eachquestion that the speaker asked can draw the audience deeper and deeper into thespeech.2.Does the speaker establish his/her credibility? What type of credibility isused? Explain.Yes, the speaker establishes his credibility in the speech. The type of credibilityused in the speech is derived credibility, which the credibility of the speakerproduced from everything he says or does during the speech. The speaker increaseshis credibility by explaining his competence and showing his academicqualifications. The speaker emphasized his study and research in minute 02:01,“Sofor the last five years, as a professor of business and psychology, I’ve been studyingthe effect of screens on our lives. And I want to start by just focusing on how muchtime they take from us, and then we can talk about what that time looks like. WhatI’m showing you here is the average 24-hour workday at three different points inhistory: 2007 -- 10 years ago -- 2015 and then data that I collected, actually, onlylast week.”Furthermore, the speaker builds common ground with the audience in his speechto enhance his credibility during the speech. The speaker shared his experience withthe audience. In the speech (07:00), the speaker shared his experience and feelings ofnot using his phone during dinner,“...I will never use my phone at the table.”“Atfirst, it hurts. I had massive FOMO. I struggled. But what happens is, you get used toit.You overcome the withdrawal the same way you would from a drug,and whathappens is, life becomes more colorful, richer,more interesting --you have betterconversations.You really connect with the people who are there with you.”Throughconveying the feelings he experienced, the speaker enables to create common groundwith the audience and make them more willing to accept his suggestions.3.What are the main points of the speech? How are they supported? Elaboratewith examples.In this speech, there are three main points. The first main point is the screensmake us less happy because the screens take up too much of our personal time. Thespeaker supported the first point by presenting visual aids to sum up the data
3collection of his research. He presented the data in a bar graph. The data calculate anaverage of a 24-hour workday in three different points of history which are 2007,2015 and 2017. In the video (03:20), he also strengthened it by giving more data,“Now, what I'm going to do is show you how much of that space is taken up byscreens across time. In 2007, this much. That was the year that Apple introduced thefirst iPhone. Eight years later, this much. Now, this much. That's how much time wespend of that free time in front of our screens. This yellow area, this thin sliver, iswhere the magic happens. That's where your humanity lives. And right now, it's in avery small box”.The data showed by the speaker concluded how much the screenstake-up of our precious time.The second main point is thescreens make us less happy because the screenshave no stopping cues.The speaker supported the point by giving an extendedexample of the screens rob the stopping cues. In the speech (05:27),“There werestopping cues everywhere. But the way we consume media today is such that thereare no stopping cues. The news feed just rolls on, and everything's bottomless:Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, email, text messaging, the news. And when you docheck all sorts of other sources, you can just keep going on and on and on”.Itsummarizes the stopping cues rob by screens included the uncontrolled consumingmedia.The last main point is thescreens make us less happy so we should stop usingphones.In the speech (07:00),“I think a far better strategy is to say, I do certainthings every day, there are certain occasions that happen every day, like eatingdinner. Sometimes I'll be alone, sometimes with other people, sometimes in arestaurant, sometimes at home, but the rule that I've adopted is: I will never use myphone at the table. It's far away, as far away as possible.”.At this point, the speakersuggests putting the phone away and have stopping cues during dinner.4.What type of organization does the speaker use? Justify.The type of organization used by the speaker is the topical order. Topical orderresults when the speaker divides the speech topic into subtopics, each of whichbecomes a main point in the speech. The topic of this speech is why the screens makeus less happy. The speaker first divides the speech causally into two categories. Thespeaker explains the screens make us less happy because the screens take up too
4much of our personal time. Then, the speaker discusses the screens make us lesshappy because the screens have no stopping cues. Next, the speaker comes out with asolution to the topic. The speaker suggests that the screens make us less happy so weshould stop using phones. Hence, the specific purpose, central idea and main pointsof the speech might be:Topic:Why the screens make us less happy?General Purpose:To persuadeSpecific Purpose:To persuade my audience that the screens make us less happy andwe should stop using the screens.Central Idea:The screens make us less happy as the screens take up too much ofour personal time and have no stopping cues, so we should stop using phones.Main Points:1.The screens make us less happy because the screens take up too much of ourpersonal time.2.The screens make us less happy because the screens have no stopping cues.3.The screens make us less happy so we should stop using the phones.This speech would not be a good topical order because the main point III isinconsistent with the rest of the main points. It deals with a suggestion to stop usingthe screens, whereas the main points I and II deal with the reasons why the screensmake people less happy.5.How does the speaker use the resources of the language? Explain.One of the resources of the language that the speaker used in the speech is usingthe language accurately. It means that use the right words that accurate to the speech.This is because some of the words’meaning is roughly the same thing but they stillhave different shades of meaning that we need to get certainty before using them. Inhis speech (0:26)“...It doesn’t mean everyone goes in and eats dog food, butbusinesspeople will use their own products todemonstratethat they feel, that they’reconfident in them.”he uses the worddemonstrateinstead of “testifying to”or“evidence”. When we look in thesaurus these words are synonyms but we need tochoose them wisely so that it related and accurate to the speech.