Report on Theories of Tourism Development

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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TOURISMDEVELOPMENT
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................11. Critically evaluating the theories of tourism development.................................................12. Critically discussing major economical and political forces that are shaping tourismdevelopment in number of destinations..................................................................................3CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................4REFERENCES................................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTIONThird world are the countries which came into existence during the cold war (Meaning ofthird world, 2015). The third world involves list of all developing countries which lacks innumber of resources. In order to convert the developing country in developed one, tourism playsa crucial role. This is because, the given industry opens source of generating foreign income forthe developing countries. This leads to the growth of developing nation. Thus, in the presentreport, there will be critical evaluation of theories of tourism development.1. Critically evaluating the theories of tourism developmentBritton, 1982 has analyzed the theories on tourism development in third worldeconomies. It is called by the name of dependency or underdevelopment theory. Dependencytheory states the relationship between first and third world countries. This theory is the part ofunderdevelopment theory. Dependency theory depicts that development of third world country istotally dependent upon the first world nations which are developed. In addition to this, the giventheory also states that imperialism of western people has chocked the growth of third worldnations by draining the capitalizing of country and by killing the local industries through unequalcompetition (Migdal, 2015). This theory also depicts that for the development, third worldnations are dependent upon the developed countries which possess immense amount ofresources, technology and money.However, it has been critically evaluated by many authors that the development of firstworld country is also dependent upon the third world nation. This is because, it is with the helpof given nation only, first world countries which are also called as core nations will be able todirect their efforts in terms of importing the necessary resources from the given countries at costeffective prices (Escobar, 2011). Thus, it is correct to say that the first world country emerges atthe expense of third world which is also called as periphery nations.In addition to this, dependent theory also has the feature that it is also considered as theprocess of historical conditioning which transforms the internal functioning of under-developedcountries. This factor leads to cause disintegration of indigenous economy. Furthermore, it hasalso being critically evaluated that the dependency theory of tourism development does not givemuch emphasis on the world structure (Haynes, 2013). However, instead of that, the theory givesmuch emphasis upon the connection that held between indigenous economy and outside world.1
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