(PDF) Toward health and wellbeing for indigenous Australians

Added on - 19 Feb 2021

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Aboriginal Health
ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY..................................................................................................................................1Health inequalities and inequities in Australia............................................................................1Health Outcomes.........................................................................................................................3Social Disparities and its impact on Aboriginal people...............................................................4Health Disparities that impact on Aboriginal community...........................................................5Practices for improvement of health outcomes of aboriginal people..........................................8REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONHealth is considered as an important factor for enhancing life expectancy, which includeswell-being of people at physical, social, mental, ecological and emotional way. In context withAustralia, health of population has improved markedly after 20thcentury, due to reducinginequalities between indigenous and non-indigenous people(Reading and Greenwood, 2018).Despite such improvements, at the beginning of the 21stcentury, Australia is characterisedmainly by significant health inequalities. It includes morbidity, risk factors, health behavioursand accessibility of service, for people living at both remote and non-remote areas(Howse andDwyer, 2016). This report is going make an investigation on different aspects of healthinequalities, especially for aboriginal people in Australia. Health inequalities are hereby,measured in terms of mortality, difference in health status, affordability and health issues, thatimpact on this community. The reason behind choosing this community is social disparities orsocio-economic disadvantages faced by it, that highly affect their health. Furthermore,recommendations for improving health and life-expectancy of aboriginal people is also given.MAIN BODYHealth inequalities and inequities in AustraliaIndigenous culture within Australia is considered as most complex and diverse, thatcounted as one of the oldest living community in the world. The reason behind long timesurvival of this community is ability for adapting and change with time. Aboriginal people notonly keep cultural heritage of them rich and alive, but also passes their knowledge, rituals,traditions, arts and performances from one generation to other(Ivers and et. al., (2016).Havingspiritual belief on wellbeing, community members were hunter-gathers who searched for wildanimals and uncultivated plant. Along with this, traditional diet of these people includes richnessin carbohydrates, nutrients, proteins and low in fat and sugars. However, with development ofmodernisation, diet of aboriginal communities is heavily westernised i.e. not tend to be high insugar and fat and lower in nutritional and carbohydrate value. As to improve well-being of thiscommunity and overall health, a number of interventions have been taken by AustraliaGovernment. But still, there exists a number of factors or social difference that createslongstanding challenges(Hatala, Desjardins & Bombay, 2016). It includes uneven employment,education, socio-economic disadvantages and poorer healthcare accessibility. Therefore, in order1
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