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Approaches of Training and Development

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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Training and development1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................4Training and development theories..................................................................................................4Approaches of training and development........................................................................................5Current Training trends in UK........................................................................................................7CONCLUSION..................................................................................................................................10References...........................................................................................................................................112
Illustration IndexIllustration 1: Fields of training............................................................................................................5Illustration 2: Increase in learning and development............................................................................7Illustration 3: Percetage of e learing method........................................................................................83
INTRODUCTIONTraining and development is an on-going process in which efforts are made by theorganisations to improve the performance of employees using various programs. In currentscenario, training and development is one of the most essential part of organisations (Training anddevelopment. 2015). The present study consists of training and development trends used in UK,theories and concepts related to it and approaches with their impact on organisations. In end, thestudy is concluded in the form of summary with key findings.Trends of training and learning history of the UKTraining has been around for ages. The major change in training came during 1970 where themovement began towards adopting more focused training approach. With passing years, trainingtook various forms starting from lectures and demonstrations that were the simplest form of training(Suhasini and Suganthalakshmi, 2015). With passing time, there came the concept of On-the-jobTraining which was further enhanced by making use of Audio visual enhancement. Then arrived theconcept of computer -based training approaches also known as e learning. The most recent forms oftraining include intranets that is a computer-generated training. It is followed by making use ofWebnair, smartphones as well as wiki for training purpose. You tube training can also be regardedas the recent change that has been there with respect to training and learning history(Findley andet.al., 2012).Training and development theoriesWith the change in working environment requirement of training and development has beenincreased for improvement and development of employees. As per the research of DeSario et.al1994, “Training theories are designed for enhancing the employee's learning and developingopportunities” (DeSario et.al 1994).Hence, it can be critically evaluated that the companies thatdeliver training to the team or staff members should have proper knowledge of theories forimproving the effectiveness and create a maximum impact on employees. In this regard, there is apresence of varied kinds of training models as well as theories that are in place (Edwards and et.al.,2013).According to the Reigeluth, 2013, “Kirkpatrick's four level training model can helporganisations in objectively analysis of the effectiveness and impact of training to improve thepresent and future as well” (Reigeluth, 2013). In respect to this statement, Kirkpatrick's modelconsists of four stages which are reaction, learning, behaviour and results.As per the statement,British Petroleum uses these stages for knowing the training effects and its results by various means4
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