Transition From Unsustainable to Sustainable Food Production

Added on - 29 Apr 2020

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1TRANSITION FROM UNSUSTAINABLE TO SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTIONIntroductionThe objective of this study analyses on the transition of unsustainable to sustainable foodproduction. Sustainable production of food encompasses economic, social and ecologicalcontemplation that includes infrastructure, reduction of waste, storage and preservation of waterin order to achieve security in global food. Unsustainable food production occurs when thefarmers donot have ability in maintaining existing trees and hence uses new farmland formanufacturing commodities. The framers use pesticides in order to control pest in the crops andkill microbes that actually facilitates food production. This in turn damages the health of humanbeing and adversely affects the growth of other crops (Van Passeland Meul 2012). Nowadaysfoods are produced through transition of unsustainable to sustainable process. Owing to this, thefoods are being raised that are healthy for the consumers. The past as well as present practicesthat both developing and developed nations follow for the dairy industry is mainly highlighted inthis study. The example in relation to the practices followed in the dairy industry for producingdairy products is also explained in this study. In addition, this report also elucidates on the bestsustainable farming practices followed by this particular industry. The issues aroundsustainability of this dairy production in better way are also discussed in this paper.Part APast and current practices being followed in both developing and developed nations fordairy industryA dairy is actually the business enterprise that is mainly concerned with processing milk ofanimals for consumption of humans. The formation of this dairy industry differs between the
2TRANSITION FROM UNSUSTAINABLE TO SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTIONdeveloped and developing countries. In the developing nations, the current practices that thisindustry follows for production of dairy product has changed in rapid way. The development thatoccurred in this dairy industry in developing nations over the past few years involves- hugeforeign investment and increasing role of dairy cooperatives. In few economies namely UnitedStates, Australia and Europe the dairy processing has become highly concentrated with lesser butbigger efficient technology that is being operated by fewer laborers. In addition, the dairyindustry plays crucial role in human’s health. As people consume dairy products, the food- bornediseases that originate from the dairy animals adversely impact on human’s health. Moreover,antibiotic intake by dairy animals has contribution in anti-microbial resistance in people. Thisdairy industry mainly based on the natural resources that includes water, land, energy andnutrients. All these resources are required for feeding the dairy animals for receiving goodquality raw milk and dairy products. Moreover, the dairy herd has huge contribution togreenhouse gas emissions with the help of rumination. In fact, this industry indirectly as well asdirectly supports the farmer’s livelihoods. This means that this sector offers huge employmentopportunities to these farmers, which in turn reduces the poverty level of the farmers. It alsopromotes sustainable pattern of production as well as consumption for combating change inclimate.Dairying has been the integral part of each agricultural system. Most of the developednations have integrated policies that laid importance on the dairy industry development.However, these policies guarantee high prices to the farmers, which results in excess productionof milk that is being processed for manufacturing dairy products (Mc Geoug 2012). It has beennoted from the recent study that near about three fourth of the dairy products has beencontributed by these developed nations. The excess production of dairy goods in the developed
3TRANSITION FROM UNSUSTAINABLE TO SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTIONnations enabled them in gaining international channel in trade. In developed economies, theframework of this industry has evolved owing to rise in production efficiency. Theimplementation of management practices followed by the developed nations encourages hugeproductivity. In the past practices, most of the dairy animals were kept in stall-barn facilities thathave been designed for maximizing comfort of the operator. At present practices, free -stallfacilities has been built for maximizing natural ventilation as well as comfort of animals. In pastpractices, barns were usually kept in sheltered place while in current practices they are kept inthe open area or hilltops in order to ensure sufficient airflow. In addition, other dairy practicesthat the developed nations follow at present involves-Preventing the entry of disease in the farm- The dairy animals are bought knowing theirhealth status and ensures that the transport of animals does not brings in diseases(Zonderland-Thomasse and Ledgard 2012). They also monitor risk of disease that comesfrom the neighboring nations. These countries also introduce vermin control program anduses clean instrument in order to prevent entry of disease in the dairy farm.They introduces effective program for health care of animals and applies veterinarymedicines in the dairy animals.They secure animal feed and supply of water from the sustainable systems. Moreover, thefarm inputs are sourced from the suppliers adopting sustainable systems (Regulations2013). The workers of the dairy farms implement different equipments in feeding stuffsand uses approved chemicals for treatment of feeding animals.These developed nation’s implements environmentally sustainable system in dairyfarming. In fact, the farm reduces environmental pollutants production from the dairy
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