Report on Travel and Tourism Sector

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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Travel and Tourism Sector1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................3TASK 1.................................................................................................................................................31.1 Key historical developments in the travel and tourism sector...................................................31.2 Structure of the travel and tourism sector.................................................................................4TASK 2................................................................................................................................................52.1 Analysis of the functions of government, government sponsored bodies and internationalagencies in travel and tourism.........................................................................................................52.2 Local and national economic policy influenced the success of the travel and tourism sector. .62.3 Implications of political changes on the travel and tourism sector in different countries.......7TASK 3................................................................................................................................................83.1 Factors affecting tourism demand..............................................................................................83.2 Supply has changes to meet the effects of demand...................................................................9TASK 4.................................................................................................................................................94.1 Evaluation of positive and negative economic, environmental and social impacts of tourism94.2 Strategies that can be used to minimize the negative impacts while maximising the positiveimpacts...........................................................................................................................................10CONCLUSION..................................................................................................................................11References..........................................................................................................................................122
INTRODUCTIONTravel and tourism is a biggest sector of world which provide the greater employment to thecommunity every year. Each and every nation is having own travel and tourism which help inmanaging the traffic of the world tourist in the right direction (Alexander, 2007). The positiveimpact of this on the country is it has provided the various growth aspects as well as development tothe other supportive industries. According to World Travel and Tourism Council, travel and tourismhas made the direct and indirect impact on the world economy.The following research has related to the travel and tourism sector and to determine thecontribution in the development of community as well as nation, a case study of London has takeninto the consideration (Assaker, Vinzi and O'Connor, 2011). The aspects which would be coverunder the study are history and structure of the travel and tourism sector, role of local and nationalgovernment as well as international agencies in travel and tourism sector, effects of demand andsupply on the following industry and impacts of tourism.TASK 11.1Key historical developments in the travel and tourism sectorThere are some key stages of historical development in the travel and tourism sector onLondon which are as follows.MIDDLE AGES/Dark agesTravelling became dangerous and less attractive to peopleleisure travel was done near to home (Bitner and Booms, 2002)Travelling was done by adventurers and merchants for fame and availing vew opportunities.With rise of Christianity HOLIDAYS word came. They were now taken for leisure purposeand Religious pilgrimagesTravel took place through foot, horse of wagon before 16thcentury.POST-REFORMATIONnew forms of tourism developed from 17thcentury.The concept of grand tour, educational tour began (Brotherton, 2012).Travelling started on account of pleasure, social activities, health, entertainment and leisure.Seaside resorts and spas were constructedaccommodation and entertainment facilities also saw a rise (Buckley, 2002).INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION3
Reduced work hours gave time to people for leisure activities.leisure activities from the working class emergedpeople went to the rural area for relaxation (Chi and Gursoy, 2009)19th and 20th centuries saw development of sea and rail transportResorts became focal point for visitorsRailways made travel in Britain easier and cheaper.Holiday camps flourished (Mehmetoglu and Norman, 2013)PRESENT ERAGrowth of package toursdevelopment of computers, brought reservation systems, the CRS has made travel easierIncreased in paid holiday entitlement is giving more leisure timer (Ransley and Ingram,2004)There is a growth in new tourism forms like slum/adventure/green/culture/beach tourismThe new destinations like attraction hotels (Atlantis), artificial islands (Palm Islands inDubai), theme parks (Riege and Perry, 2000).1.2 Structure of the travel and tourism sectorThe structure of the travel and tourism sector of London has the combination of the differentelements which are as follows.Transport:It is a backbone of sustainable economy of London because it brings the communitytogether for the various purpose (The travel tourism industry. 2015). The transport sector of Londonhas include the airports, airlines, rail network, sea travel, road travel etc. Therefore, there arevarious options available for the traveller to travel the different places of London. The above statedtransportation mode has increased the connectivity with the various areas to each other.Tour operators:The role of tour operators are bringing all the elements which influence thetravellers to plan the holidays and purchase the services (The travel tourism industry. 2015). Theyare making the contract with the many hotels, airlines service providers, transportation companiesetc. In London, there are three types of tour operators: outbound, inbound and domestic. The majortour operators in the outbound are Thomas Cook, MyTravel, First Choice etc (The travel tourismindustry. 2015). These are providing the different packages to the customer's of London to visitoutside. On the other hand, inbound tour operators are providing the services to overseas travellersto visit London. While, domestic tour operators are giving the services to the local people to visitLondon itself.Travel agents:These people are giving the advice to the traveller which include the complete4
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