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Running head: TREATING DEMENTIATREATING DEMENTIAName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1TREATING DEMENTIADementiacan be understood as a category of symptoms due todisorders affectingthe brain(www.alz.org, 2017). The typical symptoms are loss of memory, difficulties in thethought process, in language or problem solving abilities. This greatly affects the ability ofthe individual to conduct day to day activities. Dementia can also causechanges inbehaviour, mood and personality. This is generally caused due to adecline of the normalmental functioningdue to the Detoriation of the brain caused by aging. Several differentdisease can cause dementia, likeAlzhimer’s disease, Lewy Body Disease, vascular dementia,fronto-temporal dementia, head trauma, Parkinson’s disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease andHuntington’s disease. An individual with dementia, can be suffering from more than one ofthese diseases. Treating dementia depends on its causality, however progressive forms ofdementia (like Alzhimer’s) haveno treatment or cureto slow or stop the progression of thedisease (Rizzi, Rosset & Roriz-Cruz, 2014). However there are few medicines that can helpto manage the symptoms of advanced dementia.Cholinesterase inhibitorscan also be used tomanage the symptoms of mild or moderate dementia (Hahn & Paik, 2015). However,improvement in their conditions and quality of life can be done by proper care giving,providing emotional support, and education and conducting programs of regular exercises(Forbes et al., 2013).Interventions(cognitive and behavioral) can also be used to help thepatients (Huntley et al., 2015).In the movieAge Old Friends(1989), a retirement home was shown where theprotagonists of the movie were residents. The home hadstrict rulesfor its residents, and thesurrounding was allstrictly ordered. This deprived the residents of a sense of freedom, andself dignity. This was a major problem of approach in the treatment of dementia. Since thecondition is mostly untreatable in advanced stages, it becomes necessary to allow the patientsto try to lead a normal life, providing all the help they need to perform their daily activities.The strict ordering however also had its positive effect of timely administration of medicines,
2TREATING DEMENTIAand participation in group activities. The spontaneity of the staff allowed timely actionwhenever needed, and prevented negligence due to complacency.Taking into considerations the complicated nature of dementia symptoms, and thelack of treatment for its advanced stages, care must be taken to ensure the patients have adecent quality of life, with asense of normalcy. Generally treatment in restricted nursinghomes can be very restrictive, and can therefore be stressful for the residents. Theconventional facilities, even though properly equipped medically to deal with anymedical/clinical symptoms, are however not as well equipped to deal with the psychologicaldifficulties associated with dementia. The purpose of this article is to construct a design for atreatment facility for dementia that will ensure a life with meaning and quality for the patientssuffering from dementia.The primary objective of the facility will be to extend help and support to patientswithadvanced form of dementia. This is mostly because at advanced stage, the conditionbecomes untreatable, and the patients require round the clock assistance. This can be a hurdlein regular nursing homes, or homecare facilities, and be a major challenge to deal with for thefamily members (Holden & Stokes, 2017). The proposed facility will be a housingcommunity for the patients of advanced dementia, and employ round the clock staffs(medical practitioners, advisors for healthy living, and social workers). The design of thefacility will be based upon theHogeweyk Villagefor dementia patients in Amsterdam, andwill involve creating a living environment for the patients (Paola, 2017). The environmentwill act as acommunity, consisting of thepatientand thecare givers, and the complex canbe set up as asmall villagewith generalstores,pubs,café-restaurant,movie theatres,salon,supermarket,town square, andrecreation centers(Glass, 2014).