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HLTINF001 - Comply with infection prevention and control

Added on - 19 Nov 2021

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Assessment Task – Written
Student NameStudent Number470797028
Unit Code and Name
HLTINF001 Comply with infection prevention and control policies and
procedures
HLTWHS002 Follow safe work practices for direct client care
Assessment TypeWritten
Assessment No.AT1Assessment Date15/10/2018
Assessment NameWorkplace simulated activity (case studies)
Assessor NameDate Submitted24/11/2018
Student Declaration:I declare that this assessment is my own work. Any ideas and comments made by
other people have been acknowledged as references. I understand that if this statement is found to be
false, it will be regarded as misconduct and will be subject to disciplinary action as outlined in the TAFE
Queensland Student Rules. I understand that by emailing or submitting this assessment electronically, I
agree to this Declaration in lieu of a written signature.
Student SignatureDate24/11/2018
PRIVACY DISCLAIMER:TAFE Queensland is collecting your personal information in accordance with
NVR (Standard SNR 15.5) for assessment purposes. The information will only be accessed by authorised
employees of TAFE Queensland. Some of this information may be given to the National VET Regulator
(ASQA) and/or Department of Education, Training and Employment for audit and/or reporting purposes.
Your information will not be given to any other person or agency unless you have given us written
permission or we are required by law.
Instructions to
Student
General Instructions:
Read the workplace simulated scenarios on the following pages and answer the
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questions related to the information provided in each case study scenario. Please
review the marking criteria for this assessment to ensure you are providing the
required information in your answers.
All parts of each question are to be answered.
Information / Materials provided:
This is an open book assessment.
Assessment Criteria:
To achieve a satisfactory result, your assessor will be looking for your ability to
demonstrate the following key skills/tasks/knowledge as outlined in the marking
criteria for this assessment task.
Academic and research misconduct:
APA 6th edition style in-text referencing must be used throughout and a
reference list submitted with the assessment. Students must use their own words
to answer the questions. Assessments that use, reproduce or adapt the work or
ideas of another person without due acknowledgment will be graded as
unsatisfactory and considered academic misconduct.For more information,
refer to the Student Rules.
Number of Attempts:
You will receive up to two (2) attempts at this assessment task.
Should your 1st attempt be unsatisfactory (U), your teacher will provide feedback
and discuss the relevant sections / questions with you and will arrange a due date
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for the submission of your 2nd attempt.
If your 2nd submission is unsatisfactory (U), or you fail to submit a 2nd attempt,
you will receive an overall unsatisfactory result for this assessment task.
You must complete this assessment task by the due date provided or you may
receive an unsatisfactory (U) result.
If you are unable to meet a scheduled assessment due date, you must notify your
teacher at least 48 hours prior to the due date to request an extension. All requests
for extensions must be in writing on a request for extension form. Extensions are
granted in exceptional circumstances only and must be supported by appropriate
documentary evidence. For more information, refer to the Student Rules.
Submission detailsInsert your details on page 1 and sign the Student Declaration. Include this
template with your submission.
Your due date for this assessment can be found in the unit study guide.
Method of submission
Copy the questions into a word document., Type your responses and save your
work on your desk top or USB with the following name:
[your surname]_ [your first name.]_ HLTINF001_AS1
Example: Smith_John_ HLTINF001_AS1
TAFE Queensland Learning Management System: Connect url:
https://connect.tafeqld.edu.au/d2l/login
Username; 10 digit student number
For Password: Reset password go to https://passwordreset.tafeqld.edu.au/
default.aspx
Instructions for the
Assessor
The student must demonstrate key skills and knowledge identified in the marking
criteria for this assessment task.
Note to StudentAn overview of all Assessment Tasks relevant to this unit is located in the Unit
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Study Guide.
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Question 1
You work on an older person’s rehabilitation ward; your colleague is unwell but has come into work. She
makes herself a cup of tea in the staff room coughing and sneezing without covering her mouth or nose.
a)Name and discuss the mode of transmission that is passed by sneezing and coughing.
Transmission is the process of the pathogenic transfer from the infected host to another person. Transmission
of the flu occurs coughing since the viruses live in saliva and mucus in the throat and nose (Teasdale, Santer,
Geraghty, Little, & Yardley, 2014). During the sneezing and coughing the respiratory droplets tend to be
inhaled by another person through the air thus causing infections. Additionally, the mucus can drop in other
items such as books, keyboards that are frequently touched by other staffs in the office thus causing the
transmission.
b)Is your colleague well enough to stay at work? Justify your reasoning and explain the procedure
you would follow if your colleague refused to go home.
The colleague is not advisable to stay at work since even with more precautions; the infected air from the
exhaled air has a high probability of escaping out unblocked through any precautions thus will still cause
infections (Zayas, Chiang, Wong, MacDonald, Lange, Senthilselvan & King, 2013). After an advice to go
home and my colleague refuses, first, I will report the matter to the supervisor, who will direct him on the
correct measure. Secondly, I would urge him/her to use disposable handkerchiefs to avoid close contact with
colleagues such as through handshakes. Thirdly, I will ask the colleague to avoid touching common items
that are used by most of the colleagues in the workplace, thus will help in reducing the contamination.
c)Describe ‘immunity’ providing at least 4 examples of clients who may have low levels of
immunity.
Immunity refers to the balanced state of a multicellular organism to poses a stable defense state to fight any
infection and unwanted biological invasion as well as tolerance to avoid allergy (Gassen, Prokosch,
Makhanova, Eimerbrink, White, Proffitt Leyva, Hill, 2018). There are types of clients that might have low
levels of immunity, these include: children who in many occasions have low immunity; Clients with poor
health status and suffering from diseases such as AIDS since the HIV virus makes the body to be more
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susceptible to diseases; clients undergoing chemotherapy process are prone to infections since the process
tends to eliminate some of the blood cells that are important in fighting infections. Clients with that have not
been vaccinated have less vaccines that help in preventing the body from the viruses; Clients with improper
nutrition have low immunity since they have inadequate nutrients such as vitamin and antioxidants
responsible for fighting pathogens and lastly the clients that have inadequate sleep have low level of blood
cells since there is inadequate production.
d)List 4 examples of respiratory etiquette.
Respiratory etiquette is recommended activities that aim at containing the spread of flu from one person to
another. Examples of respiratory etiquettes include:
Covering the mouth and nose with disposable tissues when sneezing,
In absence of tissues cover the mouth and nose with inner elbow rather than the hands
Use of the nearest waste receptacle to disposes of the used tissues
Frequent hand washing with non-antimicrobial and water or rub hand with alcohol-based liquid
(Zayas, Chiang, Wong, MacDonald,Lange, Senthilselvan & King, 2013).
Question 2
You are working on the obstetric ward caring for a client who had an emergency caesarean 2 days ago.
When you enter the room your client is complaining of being cold and achy. You complete a set of vital
observations and note that your client is febrile and tachycardic.
You are due to take down the dressing and check the wound site and when you do, you observe that it is very
red and hot to touch.
a)Name and explain the term associated with this type of infection. Your answer must contain
details of the possible methods of transfer and be supported with examples.
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The term associated with the infection is known as Healthcare Associated infection; that occurs to a patient
while receiving treatment of a different disease in a hospital. The infection in this scenario thus is known as
pelvic cellulitis infection and is always an acute non-contagious inflammation of the connective tissues of
the skins as a result of Staphylococcus bacteria; in the surface that usually found on the skin and gain entry
through the cracked skin/wound (Collazos, de la Fuente, García, Gómez, Menéndez, Enríquez, Asensi,
2018) through contact, droplets and even through the air. The infection is characterised by hot and delicate
feeling that makes the client to feel febrile and tachycardia.
b)You discuss your findings with the Registered Nurse and the Dr is called to review; she asks you
to take a wound swab and apply a clean dressing.
Discuss the type of dressing technique you will use and why.
Why it is necessary to clean a dressing trolley and when this needs to be undertaken.
The best dressing technique to be used is sterile technique; since this is a bacterial infection (Xiao-ling
Huang, Jing-qi Zhang, Shu-ting Guan & Wu-jin Liang 2016). The dressing trolley should be cleaned through
sterilization to eliminate any possibility of contaminant before use of the equipment during the wound
dressing. (Almulhim & Alotaibi, 2018). The dressing trolley should be cleaned before the wound dressing
and after the wound dressing.
c)List the 5 moments of hand hygiene and explain why they are important in the prevention of
infection.
The five moments of hand hygiene are:
Before touching a patient to avoid infecting the patient.
Before clean/aseptic procedure to ensure that the wound is out of contamination
After touching the body fluid from a patient to eliminate any harmful agent that might be from the
fluid.
After touching a patient to avoid infecting you in case the patient is infected.
After a patient surrounding to eliminate the deposits that you might have contracted from the
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patient surrounding (Lawal, Monsudi, Zubayr, Michael, Duru, Ibrahim & Aliyu, 2018).
d)Justify the use of ABHR’s in the healthcare setting, include in your answer when the use of
ABHR may be contraindicated
When to use
ABHR is a gold standard care for hand hygiene in most of the healthcare setting since it has the
capability toeliminaterelated infections thus should be used when the hand washing is aimed at
removing the bacteria spores in the hand (Macinga, Shumaker, Werner, Edmonds, Leslie, Parker, &
Arbogast, 2014).
When not to use
ABHR should not be used when the clinician is caring for patients with vomiting and diarrheal
diseases
ABHR should not be used in suspicion of norovirus infection
ABHR should not be used in soiled or visibly dirty hands since they are disinfectant (Macinga,
Shumaker, Werner, Edmonds, Leslie, Parker, & Arbogast, 2014).
Question 3
You are working in an aged care facility which is in lockdown due to Norovirus. You are asked to gather the
staff together and explain PPE and how to correctly remove it.
a)What is your explanation of PPE?
PPE is an abbreviation of personal protective Equipment that aims at protecting users from any health and
safety risk while at work. These include helmets gloves, eye protection, and clothing safety as well as the
respiratory protective equipment (Ross, 2017). To remove the norovirus first I will revisit the control manual
and apply the requirements such as wearing gloves and frequent hand washing can be used in preventing the
spreading of the norovirus in this health setting. Secondly, I will eliminate the virus through extensive
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