Unit 04 Management and Operations Assignment

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UNIT 04: MANAGEMENT &OPERATIONS
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1Introduction to the organisation Toyota and its management structure.................................1Definition and roles of both leaders and manager and differences between management andleadership................................................................................................................................2Different roles of management and leadership in different organisational situations............3Strength and Weakness of different approaches of leadership and management..................4Impact of leadership and management on the organisation and recommendations for futureimprovements........................................................................................................................6TASK 2............................................................................................................................................7Introduction to key operations of Toyota...............................................................................7Roles and responsibilities of manager in different key operational functions.......................8Key operational approaches to operations management and their value...............................8Impact of external business environment affecting decision-making by leaders and manager..9Management and leadership approaches to improve operational efficiencies.....................10Recommendations for future improvements taken by organisation.....................................11CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
INTRODUCTIONManagement operations of the business organisation aims at accelerating efficiency ofthe people within organisation so that it leads to bring better results and outcomes throughbringing innovation in the business activities.Process of effectively converting raw materialsinto finished goods, proper utilisation of available resources is the responsibility of managementoperations. Toyota is the Japanese company that deals in car and automotive manufacturerproducts. In this following report, roles and functions of both manager and leader are explained.Different approaches to leadership and managementandtheir strength and weakness areanalysed. Key operational functions of organisation and responsibilities of manager and leaderare discussed.Effectof externalbusiness organization environment and ways of improvingoperational efficiency is explained further.TASK 1Introduction of organisation Toyota and the management structureToyota company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda in the year 1937. the Toyota companystill leads the market. Organisation provides employment to'364,445'employees around theworld.TheToyota company enjoys the position of sixth inthelist of the highest revenuegenerating company (Wu, 2016). Toyota manufactures and deals in vehicles, air- conditioningcompressors, engines, car electronics, materials handling equipment and machinery for textile aswell.Management structure of ToyotaManagement structure refers toanhierarchy of management followed in the organisation.Toyota is hierarchically organised with individual employee knowing the position ofemployees.Thebelongingness sense present in the employees gives strength and value to overallorganisation.Aneffective management structure of the organisation ensures that eachoperational function is supporting in achieving overall goals and objectives. Toyota being amultinational organisation also follows global hierarchy that allows it to properly manage thebusiness spread across the world.An hierarchical organisational management structure of Toyota allows employees totransfer and share information easily which brings effective results and outcomes (Uhl andGollenia, 2016).
Definition of leader and manager, the comparison between their functions and rolesDefinition of Manager: Manager is defined as the administrator of organisation(Bromiley andRau, 2016). Manager is responsible to control the employees or group of employees in theorganisation Toyota.Characteristics of manager are given as follows:must have conceptual and communication skillsknowledge of problem-solving and decision-makingplanning strategies and policiesRoles of Manager:Manager of Toyota is responsible for initiating and developing new policies andprocedures for improvements.Manager of Toyota also plays the role of coordinating activities with employees and alsodelegating authorities and responsibilities to them.An important role played by the manager is decision-making for different types ofbusiness activities and operations of the company.Proper communication hierarchy is maintained by the manager which helps in easy flowof important information and smoothness in business activities.Definition of Leader:Leader is defined as the commander of an organisation(Mahadevan,2015).Leaders leads the employees or group of employees within Toyota.Characteristics of leader are given as follows:confident and creativeable to delegate authorities and responsibilitieshonest with workable to communicate properly with team membersRoles of Leader:Leaders in the company Toyota are responsible for managing day-to-day activities andorganisational operations.Training and development programs given to employees to increase their skills andpotential is done by the leader.Participation of team members in business activities and operations is guided andmonitored by the team leader.
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