Unit 11 Research Project Assignment (PDF)

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RESEARCH PROJECTUNIT 11
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY..................................................................................................................................1P1. Research proposal..................................................................................................................1P2. Conducting primary and secondary research using appropriate methods.............................4P3. Research Methods.................................................................................................................6P4. Data collection and analysis..................................................................................................8P5. Data assessment...................................................................................................................10P6. Reflection upon own performance during the research.......................................................17P7. Alternative research methods..............................................................................................18CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................19REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................20Appendix........................................................................................................................................22Gantt Chart.................................................................................................................................22Questionnaire.............................................................................................................................22Information sheet.......................................................................................................................24Consent forms............................................................................................................................28Proposal form.............................................................................................................................28Reviews from respondents as data collected:............................................................................32
TITLE“To identify the impact of globalisation on the expansion of Foreign Direct investment (FDI)” Astudy on Marks and Spencer.INTRODUCTIONBusiness operations and other activities that are run on international level help inenhancing the performance of the firm and action plans that improves the overall performance ofan entity. This will help in improving the quality of operations and products offered by abusiness enterprise. It helps in increasing the effectiveness of business operations and thus, willsupport meeting quality standards of functions performed by a firm. For present researchprocess, Marks and Spencer, also known as M&S is been selected for the evaluation purpose. Itis a retail organisation operating in the UK. It assists organisation to enhance scope of businessactivities and improving the quality of retail measures for gaining FDI.The present report will cover a proper inclusion of a proposal and critical review ofliterature that supports in evaluating overall operations and hence, will lead the scholar to have aproper evaluation of data assessment measures and carrying research to obtain the decidedobjectives. Apart from this, it provides the proper recommendations for gaining the FDI for thefirm and thus will lead the organisation to have an effective growth and development.MAIN BODYP1. Research proposalBackgroundof studyOperating on the global level is the major concern of an organisation which will improvethe quality of business operations and hence, will lead a business entity to execute measuresleading the firm to have a good achievement or collection of foreign direct investment to carryout the retail business operations and improve the quality of their products and services to agreater level (Intriligator, 2017).Aim:“To identify the impact of globalisation on the expansion of Foreign Direct investment(FDI) - A study on Marks and Spencer”Objectives:1
To assess the awareness regarding Foreign Direct Investment among staff members.To analyse the relation between globalisation and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)To evaluate the impact of operations related to globalisation on gaining operations of FDIfor M&STo provide recommendation to take advantages of globalisation and FDI withinorganisation.Research questions:1.How the awareness regarding Foreign Direct Investment among staff members can beassess?2.What is the relation between globalisation and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)?3.What impact of operations related to globalisation on gaining operations of FDI forM&S?4.What are therecommendations to take advantages of globalisation and FDI withinorganisation?Reason of choosing topic:The major reason being choosing this topic for research is that it helps the firm toimprove quality and effective knowledge and thus, increases effectiveness of business operationsthat guides the organisation to take appropriate measures to have an access to FDI by a retailentity. Hence, it leads organisation to undertake suitable measures or actions helping growth oforganisation in emerging or new marketplace (Hirst, Thompson and Bromley, 2015).Literature Review:Effective evaluation of different articles and operations of an organisation to carry out theevaluation process it assists in accessing the effectiveness of actions, taken by selected retailentity. It provides the scope of growth to the firm to execute business operations which are beentaken in considerations by selected retail entity (Herger, 2016). It will help the firm to carry outproper business activities improving their effectiveness and supporting the enterprise to get goodaccessibility of FDI to execute merchandising operations.Globalisation2
According to findings ofBaylis, Smith and Owens (2017), this can be said that theglobalisation measures are very important and thus, it leads the organisation to have a goodgrowth. Besides this, it supports the organisation to enhance the quality of business activities andthus, assist the organisation to carry out the best measures to opt for the gaining of FDI byselected retail enterprise. However, this can be critically said on the basis of operations carriedout byShenkar, Luo and Chi (2014), that Globalisation is a resource oriented operation. Thus,the firm is required to improve their financial stability. Proper planning and target marketassessment is required to carry out that will improve the quality of business operations andactivities and thus will lead the firm to enhance performance of the firm and hence improves thechances of an organisation to get effective FDI for its business functions.Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on FDIHence, looking at these measures, it can be said that the evaluation and planning of retailoperations will help in adopting of globalisation based activities to have foreign directinvestments. Such measures also play an important part in placing the operations related togaining of foreign direct Investment and operating in an emerging market. As per assessmentcarried byBayne (2017), the adoption of FDI measures will lead the organisation to have a bettermanagement and stocking of the resources (raw material and financial). It also supports toevaluate the operational conditions prevailing in a target emerging market and having theeffective gaining of Foreign Direct Investment.However, the impact of globalisation wouldcreate the negative influences in economy as well as to the growth and profitability of variousindustries. The impact of multinational organisation as well as the operational aspects of businessin the wider segmentation would affect the financial stability in business.Other than this, findings ofSalacuse (2017), reveal that Foreign Direct investment andoperational measures taken on the global level are deeply interconnected and thus it will lead thefirm to gain suitable benefits and improving performance level to a greater level. Majoradvantage of FDI is that it provides a financial or economic stability to a firm. Due to lack ofcertainties in an unknown market, the selected business organisation has to undertake to flourishand grow. Hence, the organisation is required to see through proper adoption and planning ofFDI gaining measures, to improve performance of the firm. Effective market research andassessment can be carried out within organisation helping the firm to gain proper assessment ofFDI measures undertaken by firm. Emerging to a greater level will help the selected retail firm to3
operate successfully in a foreign emerging market with an efficiency. Having accessibility to FDIwill prove out to be a breakthrough for the retail enterprise and leading selected retail enterpriseto improve the quality of operations and thus, assist selected organisation to undertake effectivemeasures to gain proper FDI.The relation between globalisation and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)According to theJones and Wren, (2016)Foreign direct investment is the flop of capitalbetween countries. The inflow of foreign direct investment is one of the key indicators ofcompetitiveness of the national economy and regions. FDI has grown markedly in the worldeconomy since 1970. The impact of FDI is positive on the growth and development of theeconomy as it has raises the production capacity, technological development, easecommunication, speed-up the transportation that helped capital, information and technology,labour in order to get intense nations between nations goods and services. As per theBitzenis,(2016)there is direct relationship between FDI and globalisation as globalisation liberalise thetrade borders that ultimately raise the business opportunities whereas FDI has increased thedemand for the currency of the receiving country and also increase the rate of exchange.As per thePetras and Veltmeyer, (2016)FDI is very important for the economy as it hasbecome more crucial than trade. The role played by FDI has broadly recognised as growthenhancing factor for emerging nation. It is said to be the most popular sort of investment in theworld and it also influences the economic growth. In order to transfer the technology foreigndirect investment in very important as it enhanced the productivity of the country. Globalisationhas makes easy transfer of goods and services, organisations, technologies that ultimately raisethe establishment of new companies which result in better FDI. As per the views ofLi, Murshedand Tanna, (2017)FDI has also increases the job in the country as when company establish itscompany they used to hire the employees from that country that ultimately raises theemployment opportunities.Time lineActivitiesWeek 1Week 2Week3Week4Week5Week6Week7Week8Week9Week104
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