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Unit 4 Construction Technology PDF

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Unit 4
Construction Technology
Structural forms for low rise
buildings
Unit 4 Construction Technology
1
Unit 4 Construction Technology
Contents:
Page 1:Front Cover
Page 2:Contents
Page 3:Introduction/Identifying construction methods
Page 4:Identifying Construction Methods (Carried on)/discussing use of steel framed
Page 5:Advantages and Disadvantages/discussing use of modular with advantages and
disadvantages
Page 6:Advantages and disadvantages for traditional/start of evaluation
Page 7:Evaluation
Page 8:Conclusion and justification
2
Figure 1:Steel
frame being put
together
Figure 2:Idea
what the sports
hall could look
like
Figure 3:Modular build being put together
Unit 4 Construction Technology
Task 1/P1:
Introduction:
In this report we will be discussing and evaluating various types of low rise forms that can be
used to meet the client’s needs from the project brief as he would like a mixed-use sports
complex built on an industrial area with the building having a variety of rooms such as
meeting areas and an area to relax plus many more.
There is various different types of structural forms in low rise construction buildings such as:
Steel Skelton Framed –
Steel is the most used material adopted into modern buildings which includes light gauge
steel with prefabricated components. The steel structure starts with pad foundations and all
the steel columns are fabricated off site and assembled to the pad foundations using bolted
connections, then wind braces will be added to prevent and control wind loadings.
They are typically used for multi-storey and multi-use buildings such as offices, sports
complexes, gyms, supermarkets etc. It’s a construction method in which steel columns and
beams are assembled to create a support for floors, roofs, cladding, internal fixtures,
finishing and occupants furthermore it has various advantages that make it very suitable for
the mixed use sports complex the client wants on the old industrial site in a urban area, they
are easily made modern looking depending on the materials used.
Another structural form is:
Modular Construction -
Modular construction buildings are factory-produced pre-engineered building units that are
delivered to site and assembled as large volumetric components or as substantial elements
of a building. The modular units may form complete rooms, parts of rooms, or separate
highly serviced units such as toilets or lifts.
The main sectors of application of modular construction are:
Social housing
Apartments and mixed use buildings
Public Sector Buildings like Prisons
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