(PDF) Water Resources Planning and Management

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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WATERSUPPLYANDMANAGEMENT1
Table of ContentsPart 1....................................................................................................................................................3Following the group work concerning water scarcity and challenges in California, what do yousee as the way forward in terms of their water source, use appropriate state policies....................3Part 2.....................................................................................................................................................9With regard to water supply and use in European counties, it has been suggested that consumersare poorly engaged with how water is used and how that use is, or could be, managed. Discussthese matters and give examples of poor use both in business and private life. How could thesematters be addressed? How would, or could the experience in energy management be linked towater, for example?..........................................................................................................................9INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................9Conclusion.........................................................................................................................................13References.........................................................................................................................................142
PART1Following the group work concerning water scarcity and challenges in California, what do you seeas the way forward in terms of their water source, use appropriate state policiesFrom last 30 years, California is troubled to manage the water supply system because ofseveral aspects and a few are mentioned in the below section. Increased urbanization, improperecosystem, inadequate water management system, financial imbalance, unstable climate, outdatedwater management systems are some of the reasons for which challenges in California has beenaugmenting (Bubenheim, 2016). It has been observed that the above stated forces generates the riskof flood and at the same time it also increases inadequacy of water which can also hamper futurestate of California. Most of California is experiencing “extreme to exceptional drought” and thecrisis has now entered its fourth year. In addition to the economic cost, the drought has subtle andnot- so- subtle effects on flora and fauna throughout the region (Castle, Thomas and Famiglietti,2014). Several policies have been made in this respect; however all such policies are not suffice tomeet the demands of water system. The policies are also unable to manage health ecosystem, watersupply system and protection from flood and other disasters.California has been struggling for water system on higher extent and due to low cost watersystem, competition in agricultural industry has been increasing. According to theenvironmental requirements, water needs to be prominently managed so that agriculturalaspects can produce the optimum outcomes (Carle, 2015). Urban water management is alsoimproperly utilized; hence this is also one of the another struggling phase for California.Attention has been given towards industrial wastage and emissions and along with thisefforts are also putting on managing quality of water. Much efforts are also given inremoving water wastage; however instead of that supply of water quality is improperlymanaged. There are various non-point sources of contamination likewise overflow fromagricultural field, mining, building construction sites and timber garnering. These are theefforts through which California is trying to prevent the dangerous chemical flow into theenvironment (Dinar and Zilberman, 2012). Harmful chemicals are producing negativeimpact on the environment and at the same time it is also damaging the aqua ecosystem.Cost of drinking has also increased and this has changed the treatment of water supply.Along with this, health risks are also amending.Flood related issues are also increasing and due to unavailability of financial system,California is unable to protect its infrastructure facilities. This is also affecting investmentcapacity of the country; thus the more impact can be observed in infrastructure facilities.Although, government is taking initiative for the development activities; still many people3
and properties are at risk.The value of ecosystem has been getting down because of more urbanization. Aquatichabitant, species and other elements of ecosystem are getting impacted and are alsochanging the water management system (Georgakakos, Yao and et.al., 2012). As aconsequence this increases the issue of supply of harmful water and land managementpractices. The amount of species have been augmenting; thus it declines the environmentalconditions of California. These are listed in (ESA) Endangered Species Act.Thus, concluding it has been analysed that California needs to adopt diverse systems forwater management so that all the aspects can be maintained appropriately. These issues can alsocreate long term impact on California such as water calamities, extensive economic damages andenvironmental damages. Thus this should be effectively managed by water management policiesand through other institutions. These reforms should be implemented prominently so that it canassist California to manage water supply system in adequate way. There are various aspects thatneeds to be transformed in the policy so that preventive actions can be taken accordingly.Remaining elements in the policy needs to be properly executed so that it can emphasize chiefly ontrends (Hanak and et.al., 2014). It is essential for California to accentuate on contingency plans andprocedures especially for drought management system. Along with this, new reforms should bemade so as to meet changing climatic conditions. In the below mentioned section, several aspectsare stated which California needs to adopt for managing water system:4
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