What is education for, what is its purpose, both here and now

Added on - 16 Sep 2019

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What is education for, what is its purpose, both here and now and looking to the future?NameSubmitted toDate
Table of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3TheAim of Education.................................................................................................................5Education and society..................................................................................................................9Education and Educational Technology........................................................................................10TheImportance of Educational Technology While Teaching...................................................11Transformation by Educational Technology.............................................................................13Preparation for the Age of Educational Technology.................................................................16Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................20References......................................................................................................................................22
IntroductionThe process of education is a continuous one and has facilitated the realization of humanpotential. Other purposes of education which are widely accepted include serving social needs,developing the intellect, contributing to the economy, creating an effective work force along withpreparing students for their career and promoting a successful political and social system. Theterm education is known to be derived from the Latin word Educare and Educatum. The termeducare refers to mould or train and means to lead out or to bring up the propulsion from inwardto outward. The term Educatum refers to the act of teaching where light is thrown on the practiceand principles of teaching. The development of all the latent faculties of an individual is impliedby the term Educare. It is the teacher, or the educator, who employs all suitable and appropriatemethods for developing these abilities. This paper will ponder on the question as to “What iseducation for, what is its purpose, both here and now and looking to the future?” Using thisquestion, it will attempt to understand the role of educational technology in educationalinstitutions and how it has shaped the society and helped in changing some of its norms. Further,the essay will present the future outlook of education and the expected change in educationalprocedure in the light of technology and innovation.High quality education is now considered to be one of the most critical factors that influence theachievement of students. Education can be considered as a highly diffused and difficult activitywhere individuals must engage with tremendous seriousness. All human beings have the right tobe educated where the primary aim of education and its process is to sustain the societal as wellas individual improvement. The educational process is seen to contain tangible as well as moraldimensions to itself. The progress of a society and the individual can easily be assessed byreference to its educational programs. The progress of the society can be indicated by the general
development of the community in terms of social, economic and cultural aspects. Sociologically,the term social development can be defined as the concept which displays the positivedevelopments in terms of the social constructs. In other words, the society can be termed asprogressing and changing from a less decent situation to a better condition with respect topolitical, economic and social issues. One of the most important mechanisms that provide thischange from current to future condition is education. Therefore, education plays the role ofparamount importance in the intellectual and social development of an individual forunderstanding the required progress and change.The natural and societal conditions are seen to determine the role as well as function ofeducation. The most salient feature within the relationship between education and society is thecommunal side of education. Society and education are seen to complete each other, and nosociety can carry on without the use of education in its system or vice versa. The role ofeducation is to impact not only the person but the whole community. Therefore, the primepurpose of education is to raise sufficient numbers of efficient people in order to form aprosperous society. As a phenomenon, education can be considered as a social foundation and acontinuous process taking place in the society. Education can easily be considered as anindispensable means of developing the society with a more solid base and therefore should beestablished as a prior and hierarchical sequence.Therefore, one can explain education as an ideaand a process which exists within the societal context.The educational system, since the process of industrialization and expansion of the cities, hasbeen seen to encounter a tremendous growth. Since then, the educational system has becomemore universal in its nature, with the majority of individuals being subjected to abstract learningrather than focussing on the practical transmission of skills.
With the establishment of various educational institutions, all the people are basically skilled andhave an in-depth knowledge of the social, physical and economic environment. However, it isalso important to master new technical forms of information in order to advance the society so asto fulfil the pure research needs of the society with no immediate practical value being pushedout to the boundaries of knowledge.The purpose of education is not only limited to providingdegrees andeducational qualifications, but it also helps people to broaden their minds and theirperspectives, preparing individuals for better participation in the economic aspects of life.Aim of EducationThe question as to what is the aim of education is itself seen to involve speculation, but does notlead to practical solutions to problems that set the rational goals. In the early 1980s, the primaryobjectives of education for children were presented by Mortimore Adler (Adler, 1982) asfollows:a.The development of citizenshipb.Occupational preparationc.Personal or self-improvementSimilarly, a historian of education David Tyack was seen to argue the purpose of education andschooling as a factor important for economic and social needs (Tyack, 1988).deMarrais andLeCompte (1995)argued that the pragmatic purpose of schooling and education can besuggested as:a.Political purposes like assimilation of immigrants;b.Intellectual purposes where the immigrants are assimilated;c.Economic purposes for career and job preparation; andd.Social purposes for moral and social responsibility.