What Role Do Civil Engineers Have in Planning for Climate Change

Added on - 05 Oct 2020

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TECHNICAL PAPER
TABLE OF CONTENTSTOPIC: What role do Civil engineers have in planning for climate change?.................................1Civil Engineering....................................................................................................................1Evolution of the Conceptual framework...............................................................................2Role of civil engineering in context to climatology...............................................................2Rise of greening concept.......................................................................................................3Strategic planning for managing disaster management.........................................................4Effects of climatic changes on transportation and energy supply..........................................5Different methodologies for combating climatological changes............................................6Other features related to signify the role of civil engineer in this domain.............................7Planning by Civil Engineers in overcoming the climatic changes.........................................8Risk Planning approach.........................................................................................................9Recommendations................................................................................................................10Future Prospects...................................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................14
TOPIC: What role do Civil engineers have in planning for climate change?Civil engineers are the pillars of finding solutions to infrastructural modifications andclimatological changes at both local and global levels. They contributed immensely in thedevelopment and progression of construction tasks plus withstanding the hurdles and problems torespond in pre-requisite manner. Their participation is active for mitigation measures in terms ofde carbonisation of buildings, transportation and environmental aspects.This technical paper isgoing to shed light on the roles and responsibilities of civil engineers in planning with respect tothe climatic changes.This will emphasise on creating a sustainable environment to promote theutilization of naturally occurring resources in the most effective manner to protect the climateproperly. It will also focus on the significance of using this engineering aspects in combinationwith other branches to optimise the resources and energy for the upliftment of humans life. Theircontribution has been consistent and evident in many arenas and have been highlighted to gaininsights about the working practices.Civil EngineeringCivil Engineering is one of the important disciplines in engineering sector that is inrelation with the entire designing, planning, executing, maintaining and managing of the physicalenvironment. This involves the study of material science and its compositions along withhighlighting the components related to structural framework of construction sites of buildingroads, dams, sewerage systems, bridges, canals etc. Henceforth, it is considered as the evergreenbranch which focuses on improving the infrastructure through developmental works. There aresix categories of civil engineers such as Construction, Transportation, Geotechnical, WaterResources, Environmental and Structural. Their contribution is beyond any limits and have animperative role in shaping the structural designing of a physical place or object.In today's scenario, there is a sudden rise in the employment of the civil engineers for theproject development. There is a great need of technical knowledge while planning the entireframework of re-building/re-designing a city or a specific location. Along with, this core branchdeals with the designing part of the infrastructural practices at worldwide level. They are the keyplayers in constructing and maintaining the procedure of forming a structure completely.However, with advent of technological advancements and globalization, there has been manychanges that has affected the world at an accelerating rate especially in context to the climatic
conditions. This engineering branch needs to be consistent in bringing ergonomical designing tosupport the predicted events such as any natural calamity like hurricanes, floods etc. or anyuncertain crisis.Evolution of the Conceptual frameworkThe role of Civil Engineers is immense as few studies have shown that global warming isgoing to raise the surface temperature by four degrees by 2040 and thus, there is a necessity towithstand this climatic change faster than predicted (Chopra, 2017). Such data infers the usage oftechnological tools in more robust manner to gain the attention of other experts such asgeologists, weather forecasters, scientists and more to design with more resilience and properaccountability to safeguard the humanity with an assured approachability.Earlier the statistical data and the use of equipments were related to obsolete codes forpractising and generation of ambiguous data took place. Such conditions led to inaccurate dataand information which misguided the calculations in tapping the changes of the climate in recenttimes. Thus, scientists and civil engineers have eliminated the use of such practices and startedusing the more advanced and modern techniques to evaluate the correct data and calculations toanalyse and assess the modifications that takes place due to any obstacles.These civil engineers need to adopt sustainable approaches to learn about the science ofclimate and its various patterns for withstanding any variability or new adaptations. Here, there isshort term variability which emphasis on the cyclic modifications of the atmospheric and oceanicframeworks (Wise and et.al., 2014). The major contributor is the anthropogenic factors that hasimpacted the world in the most adverse manner. Their effects are persistent and has shown manyside-effects. Along with, such altercations has an impact in both direct and indirect manner onexisting weather forecasting and influence the effectiveness of structures on larger scale such assewerage systems, waste water treatment plants, hydro power structures and more.Role of civil engineering in context to climatologyCivil Engineershave brought rational framework to overcome the climatic changes forsustaining the infrastructure in the longer run for effective functionalities of the economic andsocial factors.The civil engineers are crucial for management of various systems to eliminate thecascading effects made by the weather changes or climatic forecasting. Furthermore, there is anecessity for promoting the development of Green Economy in order to mitigate the effects of
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