E-waste Management : Assignment

Added on - 11 Nov 2020

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Wicked Background ResearchReport
TABLE OF CONTENTSABSTRACT.....................................................................................................................................1INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1WICKED BACKGROUND ANALYSIS.......................................................................................2Concept of E- Waste and its impact upon environment and human health............................2Practices adopted by manufacturers for e-waste management...............................................3Extended producer responsibility...........................................................................................4Ways to enable end user to conveniently return their e-waste to manufacturer.....................4CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................9RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................................................................9REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................11
TITLE -Howto enable end-users to conveniently return e-waste tomanufacturers?ABSTRACTThis research is based on the analysis of E-waste which is an emerging problems indeveloped countries. The life span of various electronic products has been substantiallyshortened due to advancement in electronics, attractive consumer’s designs and marketing andcompatibility issues. There are various primary and secondary resources have been used tocollect relevant information on the ways to enable end users to conveniently return their e-wasteto manufacturers. Survey has been conducted on 10 electronic products manufacturingenterprises have been chosen to analyse the measures and practices which they have undertakenfor e-waste management.INTRODUCTIONE -Waste comprises wastes which is generated from used electronic devices andappliances which are not fit for original intended use and destined for recovery, recycling ordisposal. Because technology advances at such a high rate, many electronic devices becomeuseless after a few years of utilization. At present, it is considered as major problem which affectsoil and water as obsolete electronic devices are rapidly filling landfills of globe. Most of E-Waste which are thrown away improperly contains major harmful materials like beryllium,cadmium, lead and mercury. Most of E- waste usually ends up with landfills- both at home andin developing areas where toxic metals leach in to environment.This major problem has occurred after advancement of new technology and devices suchas mobile phone, televisions etc. E-Waste is considered to be as serious environmental issuewhich has occurred from toxic chemicals and heavy metals leaching in to soils in landfills whichis caused due to inappropriate recycling techniques used in developing countries.Present report is based on analysis of E waste problem and identification of ways throughwhich consumers will be able to conveniently return e-waste to manufacturers.WICKED BACKGROUND ANALYSISThese important literatures have provided clear understanding about the problems andmeasures that helps in enabling end users to return their e-waste to manufacturers.1
Concept of E- Waste and its impact upon environment and human health.In accordance with the view of Kiddee, Naidu and Wong, (2013), electronic wasteincluded leftover from the electronic products including the discarded Mobile phones,refrigerators, computers, environment devices and office equipment’s etc. According to (Palett,Aiswarya and Jacob, 2013,), E wastage is presently responsible for the 5% of the municipal solidwaste across the countries and it affects more than just developed countries like Australia, UKand Europe.Marshall and Farahbakhsh, (2013), E-waste is one of the fastest growing pollutionproblem worldwide presence, variety of toxic substances can contaminate environment andthreaten health of human beings. Life span of various electronic products has been substantiallyshortened due to advancement in electronics, attractive designs of marketing as well ascompatibility issues. This mainly provides understanding that electronic products manufacturingcompanies are responsible for reduction of e-waste and for an effective utilization of resources.In addition, end users are analysed as those individuals who have utilized the products till theend of products life cycle. Usually consumers who buy products and services from retailers ofelectronic products are considered as end users.Manufacturers are considered as those business enterprise which are involved indevelopment and selling of products to whole sellers. In this context, manufacturers are thoseparties who have made restriction for consumption of products and services.As per the view of Oteng-Ababio, Arguello and Gabbay, (2013), “E-Waste is harmful forhuman health, particularly to those who are working directly with its in e-waste dumps and endusers”. Researcher also found that e-waste pollution has negative effect on air, that workers ine-waste dumps and people living in nearby areas' breath in constantly which causes inflammation& stress which leads to heart disease, DNA damage & possibly even cancer. Giunipero, Hookerand Denslow, (2012) also describes that electronic waste problem is issue of major concern,because more than 20 million tons of e-waste are wasted by manufacturing companies everyyear. Americans are also responsible for 3.4 million tons of wastage of electronic products everyyear. Analysis of data provide clear understanding that developed countries are highlyresponsible for continuous rise in problems.2
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