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Women Entrepreneur In Muscat Assignment

Added on - 20 Sep 2019

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Running Head: WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
Research Proposal
Factors Affecting Omani Women Entrepreneur In Muscat in Establishing Their Businesses
Student Name:
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WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
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Abstract
Women entrepreneurship activities is one of the driving force of economic, community and
nation development. Women in some part of the world are still left behind in the
entrepreneurship activities due to some barriers such as family support, capital and
background knowledge which stands as the stumbling blocks preventing the from taking part
in entrepreneurship activities. The scope of this research focuses primarily on the barriers
that are affecting entrepreneur women in establishing their businesses in Muscat. There are
various mediating factors affecting entrepreneur women in establishing their business in
Muscat. The literature review of this study indicates that more efforts are needed to help and
encourage and support women to be entrepreneur.
KEYWORD: Women, Entrepreneur, Support, Barriers, Knowledge
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
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Table of Contents
Abstract......................................................................................................................................1
Chapter 1: Introduction..............................................................................................................4
1.1 Background of Study........................................................................................................4
1.2. Statement of Problem......................................................................................................6
1.3 Objectives of Study..........................................................................................................6
1.4 Research Question............................................................................................................7
1.5 Research Hypothesis........................................................................................................7
1.6 Significance of the study..................................................................................................8
1.7 Scope of the Study...........................................................................................................8
1.8 Limitation of Study..........................................................................................................8
1.9 Summary..........................................................................................................................9
Chapter 2: Literature Review...................................................................................................10
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................10
2.2 Women entrepreneurship...............................................................................................10
2.3 Gender in entrepreneurship............................................................................................12
2.4 Lack of family support and women entrepreneurship....................................................13
2.5 Capital in Entrepreneurship............................................................................................14
2.6 Educational Background and women entrepreneurship.................................................15
2.7 The Arab World outlook on Women’s Involvement in Business..................................15
2.8 Theory of Entrepreneurship...........................................................................................16
2.9 Conceptual Framework..................................................................................................17
2.10 Summary......................................................................................................................18
Chapter 3: Research Methodology...........................................................................................19
3.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................19
3.2 Research Framework......................................................................................................19
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
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3.3 Research Design.............................................................................................................19
3.4 Population......................................................................................................................20
3.5 Organization of Study....................................................................................................20
3.6 Research Instrument.......................................................................................................20
3.7 Data Collection...............................................................................................................21
3.8 Data Analysis.................................................................................................................21
3.9 Research Instrument Validity and Reliability Test........................................................22
3.10 Ethical Consideration...................................................................................................22
References................................................................................................................................23
Appendix..................................................................................................................................27
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
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Chapter 1: Introduction
This paper is concerned with understanding the barriers that are affecting entrepreneur
women on establishing their business in Muscat.
1.1 Background of Study
There are various barriers that have been identify in Oman that are affecting entrepreneur
women on establishing their business in Muscat, barriers such as Educational background,
Business ideas, ICT knowledge, family support and capital . Many of the local women are
affected by having no knowledge of business. Having little knowledge of business is one of
the major factors which make it difficult for women to acquire capital to establish businesses.
Educational background on the other hand is a major factor because if how business is
established and run these days is considered, then it can be found that it is needed to be well
educated to make business successful. Education in terms of business idea, business
knowledge on bookkeeping and recording, advertisement, sale, spending and many more is
required for operating successful business. A good business woman needs to have good
leadership skill. Apart from being educated, innovative technologies are now being used to
promote businesses around the globe today. Entrepreneur women should possess a good skill
of computer knowledge.According to Montanye (2006), entrepreneurship is considered as a
factor of production, linked to innovation and risk taking, where entrepreneurial
compensations are tied to uncertainty and profits. It can also be understood that traditionally,
entrepreneurship has been a male-dominated field. Moreover, several of today's most
impressive and rousing entrepreneurs are women globally, but in Muscat, it is not the same
story. It can be seen that majority of women are not oriented towards entrepreneurship. The
people of Oman understand that women are better as house wives. Therefore, most women
who want to venture into business do not get adequate support from family. It is true that
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
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women have broken down the glass ceiling of traditional thought that long prevailed around
the globe and have emerged as successful entrepreneurs. Women are increasingly becoming
conscious of their existence, their rights, their work situations and their role in the society.
There have been many promises from the Omani government to make certain changes to help
the Omani women with support in establishing their own businesses. According to Weeks
(2009), the long term development strategy, “Vision 2020”, adopted by Oman has provided
an encouraging environment for women entrepreneurs to participate and contribute towards
this effect. Availability of education as mentioned earlier is one of the major factor to train
and make aware the Omani women to start their own business. Oman has a significant
number of women entrepreneurs in the male dominated Arab society. Women-owned
businesses are on the rise, but not as expected. Omani government should understand that
women entrepreneurship represents a vast untapped source of innovation, job creation and
economic growth in the developing world. Omani women need to realize their strength,
weakness, opportunities and threats and move forward to come out of their own shell in order
to achieve their goals through self-development and with the full support from the family,
government, and other stakeholders. The education is a major key that the researcher will like
to encourage the Omani women in Muscat to acquire. Knowledge in the field of Business
Administration, Commerce, Business Accounting, Economics, Public Policy, Bookkeeping
and Information Technology can help in increasing the numbers of Omani women
entrepreneur in Muscat. These can be able to enlighten women at the grassroots level on
entrepreneurship orientation program across the communities in Oman. On the other hand,
the school curriculum in Oman can also be helpful. According to Atef & Al-Balushi (2014),
the growing number of youth seeking to enter the labour market is putting great pressure on
educational institutions to reshape curricula, equip graduates with the right skills and
qualifications, and reconcile the discrepancies between educational programs and labour
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES
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market needs. The school curricula were also identify as one of the factors affecting
entrepreneur in general in terms of education and knowledge background of the individual. It
will be wise to start teaching business studies at secondary level that will create background
knowledge for the teenagers without any gender discrimination and as they grow up they can
be able to develop themselves in the field of business investment and establishment. The
capital to start a business is another issue and in a society where preferences is more given to
male than female, woman face challenge to show her credentials to prove her knowledge of
business venture. If the women successfully does so, the capital to establish a business won’t
really be an issue and women will no more be seen as an ordinary housewives.
1.2. Statement of Problem
Understanding the factors that are impacting the orientation of the women towards or away
from business is important as it can guide the government to bring appropriate change in the
education mechanism. It will help in improving the position of women in the society of
Oman. It has been found that the lack of understanding of the key issues that are guiding the
suppression of entrepreneurship ability in the women is the major challenge that needs to be
handled. These key issues that warrant the investigation of this research topic is the call for
urgent attention to understand the barriers affecting the Omani women in Muscat as an
entrepreneur to be able to establish their own businesses in Muscat. Some of the problems
faced by the women are Educational background, Business ideas, ICT knowledge, family
support, and capital .This study will look into three major barriers, namely, capital, family
support, and background knowledge. The paper will conduct full-scale scrutiny from
statistical perspective to answer the research questions.
1.3 Objectives of Study
The objective of this study is:
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1.To identify barriers affecting entrepreneurs Omani women in Muscat.
2.To identify if capital is a barrier affecting Omani women in Muscat to establish their
businesses.
3.To identify if family support is a barrier affecting Omani women in Muscat to
establish their own businesses.
4.To identify if background knowledge is a barrier affecting Omani women in Muscat
to establish their own businesses.
5.To investigate and analyse the problems faced by Omani women in Muscat on
establishing their businesses.
6.To suggest strategies to effectively overcome these barriers.
1.4 Research Question
In order to understand some of the barriers affecting Omani women in Muscat on business
establishment this study will answer the following questions:
1.What are the types of factors affecting Omani women in Music to establish their
businesses?
2.Does capital affect Omani women in Muscat to establish their businesses?
3.Does family support affect Omani women in Muscat to establish their own
businesses?
4.Does background knowledge affect Omani women in Muscat to establish their own
businesses?
5.How can we improve the participation of Omani women in Muscat to start their own
businesses?
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