Women Entrepreneur In Muscat in Establishing Their Businesses

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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Running Head: WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSESResearch ProposalFactors Affecting Omani Women Entrepreneur In Muscat in Establishing Their BusinessesStudent Name:Student ID:Course Name:University Name:
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES1AbstractWomen entrepreneurship activities is one of the driving force of economic, community andnation development. Women in some part of the world are still left behind in theentrepreneurship activities due to some barriers such as family support, capital andbackground knowledge which stands as the stumbling blocks preventing the from taking partin entrepreneurship activities. The scope of this research focuses primarily on the barriersthat are affecting entrepreneur women in establishing their businesses in Muscat. There arevarious mediating factors affecting entrepreneur women in establishing their business inMuscat. The literature review of this study indicates that more efforts are needed to help andencourage and support women to be entrepreneur.KEYWORD: Women, Entrepreneur, Support, Barriers, Knowledge
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES2Table of ContentsAbstract......................................................................................................................................1Chapter 1: Introduction..............................................................................................................41.1 Background of Study........................................................................................................41.2. Statement of Problem......................................................................................................61.3 Objectives of Study..........................................................................................................61.4 Research Question............................................................................................................71.5 Research Hypothesis........................................................................................................71.6 Significance of the study..................................................................................................81.7 Scope of the Study...........................................................................................................81.8 Limitation of Study..........................................................................................................81.9 Summary..........................................................................................................................9Chapter 2: Literature Review...................................................................................................102.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................102.2 Women entrepreneurship...............................................................................................102.3 Gender in entrepreneurship............................................................................................122.4 Lack of family support and women entrepreneurship....................................................132.5 Capital in Entrepreneurship............................................................................................142.6 Educational Background and women entrepreneurship.................................................152.7 The Arab World outlook on Women’s Involvement in Business..................................152.8 Theory of Entrepreneurship...........................................................................................162.9 Conceptual Framework..................................................................................................172.10 Summary......................................................................................................................18Chapter 3: Research Methodology...........................................................................................193.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................193.2 Research Framework......................................................................................................19
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES33.3 Research Design.............................................................................................................193.4 Population......................................................................................................................203.5 Organization of Study....................................................................................................203.6 Research Instrument.......................................................................................................203.7 Data Collection...............................................................................................................213.8 Data Analysis.................................................................................................................213.9 Research Instrument Validity and Reliability Test........................................................223.10 Ethical Consideration...................................................................................................22References................................................................................................................................23Appendix..................................................................................................................................27
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES4Chapter 1: IntroductionThis paper is concerned with understanding the barriers that are affecting entrepreneurwomen on establishing their business in Muscat.1.1 Background of StudyThere are various barriers that have been identify in Oman that are affecting entrepreneurwomen on establishing their business in Muscat, barriers such as Educational background,Business ideas, ICT knowledge, family support and capital . Many of the local women areaffected by having no knowledge of business. Having little knowledge of business is one ofthe major factors which make it difficult for women to acquire capital to establish businesses.Educational background on the other hand is a major factor because if how business isestablished and run these days is considered, then it can be found that it is needed to be welleducated to make business successful. Education in terms of business idea, businessknowledge on bookkeeping and recording, advertisement, sale, spending and many more isrequired for operating successful business. A good business woman needs to have goodleadership skill. Apart from being educated, innovative technologies are now being used topromote businesses around the globe today. Entrepreneur women should possess a good skillof computer knowledge. According to Montanye (2006), entrepreneurship is considered as afactor of production, linked to innovation and risk taking, where entrepreneurialcompensations are tied to uncertainty and profits. It can also be understood that traditionally,entrepreneurship has been a male-dominated field. Moreover, several of today's mostimpressive and rousing entrepreneurs are women globally, but in Muscat, it is not the samestory. It can be seen that majority of women are not oriented towards entrepreneurship. Thepeople of Oman understand that women are better as house wives. Therefore, most womenwho want to venture into business do not get adequate support from family. It is true that
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES5women have broken down the glass ceiling of traditional thought that long prevailed aroundthe globe and have emerged as successful entrepreneurs. Women are increasingly becomingconscious of their existence, their rights, their work situations and their role in the society.There have been many promises from the Omani government to make certain changes to helpthe Omani women with support in establishing their own businesses. According to Weeks(2009), the long term development strategy, “Vision 2020”, adopted by Oman has providedan encouraging environment for women entrepreneurs to participate and contribute towardsthis effect. Availability of education as mentioned earlier is one of the major factor to trainand make aware the Omani women to start their own business. Oman has a significantnumber of women entrepreneurs in the male dominated Arab society. Women-ownedbusinesses are on the rise, but not as expected. Omani government should understand thatwomen entrepreneurship represents a vast untapped source of innovation, job creation andeconomic growth in the developing world. Omani women need to realize their strength,weakness, opportunities and threats and move forward to come out of their own shell in orderto achieve their goals through self-development and with the full support from the family,government, and other stakeholders. The education is a major key that the researcher will liketo encourage the Omani women in Muscat to acquire. Knowledge in the field of BusinessAdministration, Commerce, Business Accounting, Economics, Public Policy, Bookkeepingand Information Technology can help in increasing the numbers of Omani womenentrepreneur in Muscat. These can be able to enlighten women at the grassroots level onentrepreneurship orientation program across the communities in Oman. On the other hand,the school curriculum in Oman can also be helpful. According to Atef and Al-Balushi (2014),the growing number of youth seeking to enter the labour market is putting great pressure oneducational institutions to reshape curricula, equip graduates with the right skills andqualifications, and reconcile the discrepancies between educational programs and labour
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES6market needs. The school curricula were also identify as one of the factors affectingentrepreneur in general in terms of education and knowledge background of the individual. Itwill be wise to start teaching business studies at secondary level that will create backgroundknowledge for the teenagers without any gender discrimination and as they grow up they canbe able to develop themselves in the field of business investment and establishment. Thecapital to start a business is another issue and in a society where preferences is more given tomale than female, woman face challenge to show her credentials to prove her knowledge ofbusiness venture. If the women successfully does so, the capital to establish a business won’treally be an issue and women will no more be seen as an ordinary housewives.1.2. Statement of ProblemUnderstanding the factors that are impacting the orientation of the women towards or awayfrom business is important as it can guide the government to bring appropriate change in theeducation mechanism. It will help in improving the position of women in the society ofOman. It has been found that the lack of understanding of the key issues that are guiding thesuppression of entrepreneurship ability in the women is the major challenge that needs to behandled. These key issues that warrant the investigation of this research topic is the call forurgent attention to understand the barriers affecting the Omani women in Muscat as anentrepreneur to be able to establish their own businesses in Muscat. Some of the problemsfaced by the women are Educational background, Business ideas, ICT knowledge, familysupport, and capital .This study will look into three major barriers, namely, capital, familysupport, and background knowledge. The paper will conduct full-scale scrutiny fromstatistical perspective to answer the research questions.1.3 Objectives of StudyThe objective of this study is:
WOMEN ENTREPRENEUR IN MUSCAT & THEIR BUSINESSES71.To identify barriers affecting entrepreneurs Omani women in Muscat.2.To identify if capital is a barrier affecting Omani women in Muscat to establish theirbusinesses.3.To identify if family support is a barrier affecting Omani women in Muscat toestablish their own businesses.4.To identify if background knowledge is a barrier affecting Omani women in Muscatto establish their own businesses.5.To investigate and analyse the problems faced by Omani women in Muscat onestablishing their businesses.6.To suggest strategies to effectively overcome these barriers.1.4 Research QuestionIn order to understand some of the barriers affecting Omani women in Muscat on businessestablishment this study will answer the following questions:1.What are the types of factors affecting Omani women in Music to establish theirbusinesses?2.Does capital affect Omani women in Muscat to establish their businesses?3.Does family support affect Omani women in Muscat to establish their ownbusinesses?4.Does background knowledge affect Omani women in Muscat to establish their ownbusinesses?5.How can we improve the participation of Omani women in Muscat to start their ownbusinesses?
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