Introduction:China is one of the most developed nations in the world today with one of the oldest cultures.The country is popularly referred to as the ‘Middle Kingdom’ by most of its citizens out of pride. The people of the country have named it ‘Zhonggou’ in their local language which means ‘Middle Kingdom’ or ‘Central Kingdom’ when translated into English. The name itself depicts the belief of the citizens of the country that China is the most developed nation and it is the centre of attraction in the global arena[ CITATION Mid14 \l 16393 ]. But, one ofthe major concerns of the country has been its ever-increasing population that has affected its economy adversely and is affecting the industrialization process that could have otherwise been even far-reaching than the present situation.Discussion:The population of China currently stands at a colossal 1,410,983,757 and counting as on 6thOctober 2017, as per the calculations of the United Nations [ CITATION Wor172 \l 16393 ]. The country has the history of one of the fastest rates of childbirth owing to which the Government implemented the one-child policy in 1979. This has been somewhat successful in achieving the desired outcome or else there were problems of lack of employment in organized sectors and many of the Chinese had to take up agricultural farming or similar professions to tend for themselves and their families. This has also led to the uncontrolled increase in pollution from the unregulated factories which have hired these workers that created large dumping of wastes that has polluted the environment. Along with this, there hasbeen significant rise in the levels of air pollution due to lack of proper environmental safety strategies by the over-crowded unregulated factories. The incessant growth of the population has impacted the progress of the economy of the country adversely [ CITATION Bra07 \l 3
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