Assignment On Social Scientists

Added on - 25 Sep 2019

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Writing Assignment 1Metatheory: The Difference between Social Scientific Scholarship and Humanistic Scholarship100 pointsDirections:Please complete the table and then answer the questions that follow.Social Scientist/EmpiricalScientistHumanistOntological Assumptions-What are each of the theorist’sassumptions about howcommunication functions in thereal world? What constitutescommunication to each of them?In other words, how would the twotypes of theorists answer the threeontological questions?1.Is communication a matterof choice?2.Is communication anindividual or socialendeavor?3.Is communicationcontextualized (i.e., doesthe context matter)?1.No choice2.Communication is anindividual endeavor: Theresponses of theindividuals are studied.Another person wouldcause the stimuli but itwill be considered asstimuli only.3.No, it is notcontextualized: when theknowledge is certain, itcan be predicted but thecontext will not be takeninto matter.1.Choice2.Communication is a socialendeavor: The negotiation andcreation of the meaning presentbetween the people. This caneither be while interacting withspeeches and texts (the authorof speech will be seen as theother person of theconversation).3.Contextualized: Variousmeanings will be acceptable onthe basis of the interpretationby the theorist and thesituation’s context.Epistemological Assumptions-What counts as knowledge foreach of the theorists?- How does each theorist learnabout communication?In other words, how would the twotypes of theorists answer the fourepistemological questions?1.Can knowledge existbefore experience?2.Can knowledge be certain?3.By what process doesknowledge arise?4.Is knowledge bestconceived in parts or inwholes?1.No, knowledge does NOTexist before theexperience. The scientistsare seen to learn bydiscovering the reality andgoing out. Therefore, theirexperience is present in thediscovery.2.The knowledge can begained using either theobservation or theempiricism.3.Knowledge is certain innature.4.It can be studied in parts.There is no need to studyit as a whole therefore theycan add up the parts.1.No, knowledge does NOTexist before experience. Theknowledge can be createdusing the interaction using thetexts.2.The knowledge can be gainsing the constructivism,mentalism and/or socialconstructivism.3.Knowledge is NOT certain innature.4.There is a need to studyknowledge as a whole and allthe circumstances around thetext along with its entirety.Axiological Assumptions1
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