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The Difference between Social Scientific Scholarship and Humanistic Scholarship

   

Added on  2019-09-25

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Writing Assignment 1Metatheory: The Difference between Social Scientific Scholarship and Humanistic Scholarship100 pointsDirections: Please complete the table and then answer the questions that follow. Social Scientist/EmpiricalScientistHumanistOntological Assumptions-What are each of the theorist’s assumptions about how communication functions in the real world? What constitutes communication to each of them? In other words, how would the twotypes of theorists answer the three ontological questions?1.Is communication a matterof choice?2.Is communication an individual or social endeavor?3.Is communication contextualized (i.e., does the context matter)?1.No choice 2.Communication is an individual endeavor: The responses of the individuals are studied. Another person would cause the stimuli but it will be considered as stimuli only.3.No, it is not contextualized: when the knowledge is certain, it can be predicted but the context will not be taken into matter.1.Choice2.Communication is a social endeavor: The negotiation andcreation of the meaning presentbetween the people. This can either be while interacting withspeeches and texts (the author of speech will be seen as the other person of the conversation).3.Contextualized: Various meanings will be acceptable onthe basis of the interpretation by the theorist and the situation’s context.Epistemological Assumptions-What counts as knowledge for each of the theorists?- How does each theorist learn about communication?In other words, how would the twotypes of theorists answer the four epistemological questions?1.Can knowledge exist before experience?2.Can knowledge be certain?3.By what process does knowledge arise?4.Is knowledge best conceived in parts or in wholes?1.No, knowledge does NOT exist before the experience. The scientists are seen to learn by discovering the reality andgoing out. Therefore, their experience is present in thediscovery. 2.The knowledge can be gained using either the observation or the empiricism.3. Knowledge is certain in nature.4.It can be studied in parts. There is no need to study it as a whole therefore theycan add up the parts. 1.No, knowledge does NOT exist before experience. The knowledge can be created using the interaction using the texts. 2.The knowledge can be gain sing the constructivism, mentalism and/or social constructivism.3.Knowledge is NOT certain in nature.4.There is a need to study knowledge as a whole and all the circumstances around the text along with its entirety.Axiological Assumptions1
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