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Egyptian Youth Employment Program by the Government

   

Added on  2019-09-30

13 Pages2687 Words337 Views
Running head: Youth Employment ProgramTHE EGYPTIAN YOUTHEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMBY THE GOVERNMENT

Youth Employment Program 1Table of ContentsIntroduction.................................................................................................................................................2The economic situation................................................................................................................................2Analysis of approaches taken by the government for youth employment....................................................4Evaluating the program's effectiveness and its impact.................................................................................6The challenges in the achievement of the youth employment program.......................................................8Success and limitations of the program.......................................................................................................9Conclusion.................................................................................................................................................10Recommendations.....................................................................................................................................10References.................................................................................................................................................12

Youth Employment Program 2Introduction In the recent years, youth employment has gained recognition on the global front. At a number ofinternational forums, commitments are made to achieve the full and productive employment levels and creating decent work opportunities for the young generation.For the Egyptian Government, youth employment is a major challenge as the problems related toemployment are affecting both young women and young men in the country.Egypt, at present, is in a stage of its demographic transition and this stage is popularly called as "youth bulge." This refers to a period where the graph of the young population shows a significant growth in comparison to the other age groups (Kashyout, 2015). There is an exclusionary framework that operates in Egypt, where some people have a successful transition to jobs along with financial as well as personal independence while the others suffer from unemployment.The economic situationIn the year 2008, the whole world was hit by a serious financial and economic crisis and the effects of that crisis extended to various countries. It has affected mostly the young generation who are generally targeted first during any crisis and are kicked out first from the jobs and are not able to find a job after a crisis (Assaad, 2014). This is the same situation that is prevailing in Egypt.

Youth Employment Program 3For a period of three years, Egypt has faced serious economic challenges along with an unstable political condition which has resulted in increased stagnation, poverty and unemployment in the country. Out of those who are affected by unemployment, minimum 90% are the people who are below 30 years of age. In the recent years a paradox has been observed as the young, educated people in Egypt are unemployed, whereas, on the other hand, the Egyptian employers are finding it difficult to hire duly qualified workers. This shows a failure in the education and training as it is not able to get young people having the required skills as demanded by the labor market. As per the report issued by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS)for 2015, on youth population in Egypt, it is observed that out of the total population in Egypt, 23.6% is being represented by the Egyptian youth and which is around 20.7million in number. Out of those, 26.3% of the youth is suffering from issues of unemployment, and around 51.2% are suffering from the issues of poverty (Barsoum, 2014). The Youth which is observed to be very close to the poverty line is around 27.8%, and the ones which are observed under the poverty line are represented by 24.1%.As per the figures recorded in the year 2014, the youth unemployment rate was observed around 29% (approximate), and youth suffering from poverty denoted 50%. The total number of people who were leaving the country had shown an increase of 17% for the year 2014 as compared to the year 2013. The youth leaving the country assumed unemployment as the main reason behind their migration.

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