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Type-2 Diabetes Assignment

Analyzing the health condition and medical history of a 75-year-old male patient with type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

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Added on  2022-08-21

Type-2 Diabetes Assignment

Analyzing the health condition and medical history of a 75-year-old male patient with type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

   Added on 2022-08-21

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Running Head: ESSAY 0
Diabetes
3-26-2020
Type-2 Diabetes Assignment_1
ESSAY 1
Contents
Pathophysiology.........................................................................................................................2
Management approaches............................................................................................................4
References..................................................................................................................................8
Type-2 Diabetes Assignment_2
ESSAY 2
Type-2 diabetes is the most common and widespread disease not in selected countries
but globally. It is a disorder which is genetically inherited or acquired through disturbed
lifestyle. It happens when blood glucose, commonly known as blood sugar, becomes
relatively high. Blood glucose is primarily obtained from the food. Insulin is a pancreatic
hormone which helps to carry glucose further to the cells for the energy use. However, in
case of diabetes the patient’s body does not produce adequate insulin or use the available
insulin in a significant manner. Extremely high levels of blood sugar will also cause a serious
condition called the hyperosmolar syndrome. This is a type of dehydration which is life
threatening. Hyperosmolar syndrome is the first symptom, in some cases, of a person having
type 2 diabetes. It induces distracted thought, fatigue, nausea, even coma and seizure
(American Diabetes Association, 2017).
In the case study that is being provided in which a 75-year-old man named Bill who is
diagnosed with Diabetes type 2. In reference to this case, this discussion focusses on the
pathophysiology of diabetes specifically type 2, parallel with the management intervention by
medical and nursing staff in handling the hypertensive diabetes case.
Pathophysiology
Diabetes of type 2 is considered as a heterogeneous disease. Its pathophysiology is
characterized by the indication of the peripheral insulin resistance parallel with impaired
control of the production of hepatic glucose and decreasing size of the β-cell, which
eventually leads to gradual failure in cells. The main events include deficit secretion of in
insulin and in many patients, it is accompanied by a resistance in the exterior insulin.
Impaired level in insulin production and secretion and significant reduction in glucose
tolerance that is detected prior to the onset of illness. More precisely, a reduction in glucose
responsive insulin secretion is caused by impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and significant
Type-2 Diabetes Assignment_3

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