Altruism the Basis of Sexual Selection Assignment

Added on - 19 Sep 2019

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Altruism the basis of sexual selectionName-Submitted to-Date-
Altruism the basis of sexual selectionAbstractThe study was done to explain the human altruism of sexual selection hypothesis which wasgiven by Darwin in the year 1871 (Bhogal, M. S., Galbraith, N., & Manktelow, K. (2016).Thishypothesis told that altruism is a form of mating signal, so as to know about the characteristics ofopposite sex. This may increase the chance of selection to mate. This hypothesis states thataltruism is a sexually selected trait so as to increase the chances of being attracted, retain andreproduce with the other sex (Kotlikoff, L. J., 2016).For the study, various participants werechosen and were asked to read the information and then were presented a series of images whichwere attractive and non-attractive. The observations were to be done in order to check thefinancial altruism or non-financial altruism and was noticed that the participants were choosingon the basis of attractiveness. This explained the evolution of altruism which determines that thepeople show altruism for more attractive people. The 2- D facial images and online facialdatabase were used for the methodology and paired sample t-test for non-financial altruism wereutilized for the experimentation or the study. The more attracted people were assumed to givemore positive attribute range than the non-attractive ones (Bhogal, M. S., Galbraith, N., &Manktelow, K., 2016).Various studies have been reported for the past ten years. The wholeexperiment was based on the attractive and non-attractive images.IntroductionAltruism is the word coined by Auguste Comte, a French philosopher; it is derived from Latinword ‘alteri' which means ‘someone else.' In French it is termed as ‘altruisme’ which meansselflessness; used as an antonym for selfishness. Altruism is defined as welfare to others which
may or may not harm or benefits themselves. There are many sexual selection theories whichtalk about the natural selection of the living creatures on the basis of their mating patterns orattractiveness towards opposite sex. One is the reproductive success theory determines thenatural selection by measuring the fitness of offsprings and by measuring the number ofoffspring left. According to sexual propaganda theory mate was lead opportunistically, bystrength of mate signals, trophic resource, phenotypic characteristics, etc. and explained thegenetic diversity maintenance within the population. The Hola effect tells about the observer'sfeelings, overall impressions of a person on others (Liu, S. Q., Liu, S. Q., Mattila, A. S., &Mattila, A. S., 2016).Darwin and Ronald Fisher gave a great contribution in the sexual theoriesby explaining that for natural selection the sexual selection is also important and mating with theopposite partner the sperm competitiveness, physical features are also important factors to getattracted (Taborsky, M., Frommen, J. G., & Riehl, C., 2016).The study is done to give anexplanation to the sexual selection hypothesis given by Darwin in the year 1871. Altruism isknown to be the mating signal which is important to attract and influence the opposite partner forsex behaviour (Shaver, P. R., Mikulincer, M., Gross, J. T., Stern, J. A., & Cassidy, J. A.,2016).The altruism was studied non-financially and financially using DV andIV. IV was thestudy done on the basis of facial attractiveness that too within the group while the DV determinesthe dependent variable which can be measured by social dilemma or online dictator game.Participants would be more altruisic towards facial attractiveness.MethodAn experiment was designed within the group of few people or may consider them asparticipants. Various images were pre-set into the category of attractiveness and unattractiveness;participants were allowed to rate those attractive and non-attractive images.
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